Fall and its association with the frailty syndrome in the elderly: systematic review with meta-analysis

  • Jack Roberto Silva Fhon Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto; Departamento de Enfermagem Fundamental
  • Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto; Departamento de Enfermagem Fundamental
  • Wilmer Fuentes Neira Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades; Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud
  • Violeta Magdalena Rojas Huayta Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos; Escuela Académico Profesional de Nutrición
  • Maria Lucia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto; Departamento de Enfermagem Fundamental
Keywords: Aged, Accidental Falls, Frail Elderly, Geriatric Nursing, Review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To analyze the prevalence of falls and frailty syndrome and the association between these two syndromes in the elderly population. METHOD Systematic review, without restriction of dates, in English, Portuguese and Spanish languages, in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS and in the SciElo virtual library. The association between both variables was extracted from the studies (Odds Ratio and 95% Confidence Intervals). RESULTS The review included 19 studies published between 2001 and 2015. The prevalence of falls in the frail elderly population was between 6.7% and 44%; in the pre-frail, between 10.0% and 52.0%, and in the non-frail, between 7.6% and 90.4%. The association between both variables presented a value of OR 1.80 (95% CI 1.51-2.13). CONCLUSION There is evidence that falls are associated to the frailty in the elderly. Other factors may influence this association, such as age, sex, data collection instrument of the studies, place where they live and the process of senescence.

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Published
2016-12-01
How to Cite
Fhon, J., Rodrigues, R., Neira, W., Huayta, V., & Robazzi, M. (2016). Fall and its association with the frailty syndrome in the elderly: systematic review with meta-analysis. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(6), 1005-1013. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0080-623420160000700018
Section
Review