Chronic and asymptomatic diseases influence the control of hypertension treatment in primary care

  • Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Stael Silvana Bagno Eleutério da Silva Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Flávia Cortez Colósimo Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Gabriela de Andrade Toma Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Talita de Souza Serafim Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Paolo Meneghin Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem
Keywords: Hypertension, Medication Adherence, Therapeutics, Life Style, Public Health Nursing

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To identify the association between blood pressure control and the following variables: a) bio-social and lifestyle characteristics of hypertensive patients; and b) factors related to the antihypertensive treatment. METHODS This is an exploratory study with 290 people with hypertension from primary care. We used a specific instrument, self-administered, with 21 questions on factors that can hinder treatment, divided into four dimensions: medication, socioeconomic, institutional and personal beliefs. We adopted a significance level of p <0.05. RESULTS The control of blood pressure was associated (p <0.05) with female gender, Caucasian ethnicity, primary/secondary education, not drinking alcohol, higher income and regular physical activity. Regarding the factors that can hinder treatment, there was association of hypertension control with only two questions: "feel nothing" and "have to do treatment for life". CONCLUSION Sociodemographic variables and beliefs concerning the absence of symptoms and chronicity of the disease influenced the control of hypertension and should be considered in the adherence process to the treatment.

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Published
2016-10-01
How to Cite
Pierin, A., Silva, S., Colósimo, F., Toma, G., Serafim, T., & Meneghin, P. (2016). Chronic and asymptomatic diseases influence the control of hypertension treatment in primary care. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(5), 763-770. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0080-623420160000600008
Section
Original Article