Experience of health professionals in care of the homeless population with tuberculosis

  • Tatiana Ferraz de Araújo Alecrim Universidade Federal de São Carlos
  • Fernando Mitano Universidade Lúrio; Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde
  • Amanda Alessandra dos Reis Universidade Federal de São Carlos
  • Cristine Moraes Roos Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre; Unidade de Adição Álvaro Alvim
  • Pedro Fredemir Palha Universidade de São Paulo; Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
  • Simone Teresinha Protti-Zanatta Universidade Federal de São Carlos; Departamento de Enfermagem
Keywords: Homeless Persons, Tuberculosis, Health Personnel, Public Health Nursing, Qualitative Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Analyzing statements of health professionals from a Street Clinic regarding care of a homeless population with tuberculosis. METHOD This is a qualitative research, conducted in the central region of São Paulo at three basic health units in the period of November to December 2014. A semi-structured interview guideline was implemented for data collection and all interviews were recorded using a digital recorder. RESULTS Six health professionals were interviewed. According to the Discourse Analysis perspective, three discursive segments emerged: experiences on care in the streets; weaknesses inherent to the treatment process; and incentives as a means of maintaining sick people in treatment. CONCLUSION Caring for a the homeless population with tuberculosis constitutes a new and challenging experience. It involves difficulties in dealing with the reality of a miserable social context, a lack and inadequacy of services, as well as care limitations for treatment and treatment dropout, which reinforces multiresistance. However, the investigated Street Clinic teams seek to expand access to health and social care services to this population.

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Published
2016-10-01
How to Cite
Alecrim, T., Mitano, F., Reis, A., Roos, C., Palha, P., & Protti-Zanatta, S. (2016). Experience of health professionals in care of the homeless population with tuberculosis. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 50(5), 808-815. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0080-623420160000600014
Section
Original Article