Nurses' attitudes and knowledge regarding patient rights: a systematic review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/s1980-220x2019037603678

Keywords:

Patient Rights, Ethics, Nursing, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Professional Practice, Systematic Review

Abstract

Objective: To synthesize current evidence on nurses' attitudes and/or knowledge on the entire spectrum of patient rights. Method: A systematic search of the literature was performed in Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus and CINAHL. Studies were selected according to pre-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria. The Cochrane and PRISMA guidelines, including templates for systematic reviews, were applied. For rigor assessment, the Critical Appraisal Skills Program Qualitative Research Checklist, and the Center for Evidence-Based Management tool were employed. Results: Thirteen studies were included, that exhibited important methodological limitations, such as convenience sampling, mediocre response rates and inadequate instrument validity. Findings indicated: a) low level of awareness regarding patient rights among nurses, b) knowledge discrepancies on specific aspects of patient rights, c) low priority ascribed to a patient's right to access information, and d) insufficient evidence on formal educational sources of knowledge on the topic of patient rights. Conclusion: Narrow geographical localization, heterogeneity and methodological limitations render generalizability of the conclusions difficult. Further research based on robust methodology is proposed.

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Published

2021-05-03

How to Cite

Mpouzika, M., Karanikola, M., Panayiotou, E., Raftopoulos, V., Middleton, N., & Papathanassoglou, E. (2021). Nurses’ attitudes and knowledge regarding patient rights: a systematic review. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 55, e03678. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1980-220x2019037603678

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Section

Review