Suicide in the elderly: an epidemiologic study

Authors

  • Mariana Cristina Lobato dos Santos Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem, Departamento de Enfermagem Materno Infantil e Psiquiátrica, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1800-8276
  • Barbara Bartuciotti Giusti Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem, Departamento de Enfermagem em Saúde Coletiva, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2716-801X
  • Clarissa Ayri Yamamoto Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem, Departamento de Enfermagem Materno Infantil e Psiquiátrica, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9338-1903
  • Suely Itsuko Ciosak Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem, Departamento de Enfermagem em Saúde Coletiva, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5884-2524
  • Regina Szylit Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem, Departamento de Enfermagem Materno Infantil e Psiquiátrica, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9250-0250

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2019026603694

Keywords:

Aged, Suicide, Epidemiology, Geriatric Nursing

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the incidence and means of elderly suicide in Brazil. Method: Epidemiologic, cross-sectional, quantitative, and retrospective study. The data were obtained in a platform maintained by the Ministry of Health and analyzed. The mortality rate was calculated and means and percentages regarding the employed means of suicide were obtained. Results: In this period, 8,977 suicides took place among the population over 60 years. The highest suicide rates were concentrated in the population over 80, which presented a mean 8.4/100,000 for this period, and between 70 and 79 years, with a mean rate of 8.2/100,000. Considering the total elderly population over 60 years, this value reached 7.8/100,000, whereas in the general population this was 5.3/100,000. The values are always higher among the elderly population: the mean rate in the last five years among the elderly is 47.2% higher than the mean for the general population. The main mean of suicide was hanging (68%), followed by firearm (11%), self-intoxication (9%), falling from a high place (5%), and undefined or undetermined means (6%). Conclusion: Epidemiologic analyses bring visibility to the dyad aging and suicide, corroborating the pertinence of this theme.

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Published

2021-05-31

How to Cite

Santos, M. C. L. dos, Giusti, B. B., Yamamoto, C. A., Ciosak, S. I., & Szylit, R. (2021). Suicide in the elderly: an epidemiologic study. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 55, e03694. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2019026603694

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Original Article