Functional capacity of women with breast neoplasm undergoing palliative chemotherapy

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2020006303714

Keywords:

Breast Neoplasms, Palliative Care, Drug Therapy, Oncology Nursing

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the functional capacity of women with breast neoplasm undergoing palliative chemotherapy. Method: Cross-sectional study with an analysis of medical records of women with breast cancer undergoing palliative chemotherapy. Results: Out of one hundred evaluated records, most registered 50 years or older (66%), primary education (53%), an income of 1 to 2 minimum wages (87%), invasive ductal carcinoma (95%), positive hormone receptor (64%), and histological grade 1 and 2 (57%). Performance status 0 (49%), 1 (39%), and 2 (12%) were prevalent; these imply, respectively, active patients, with mild and moderate activity restriction. One to four chemotherapy schemes were associated with the inappetence (p =0.00) and weight loss (p =0.001) symptoms. The main complications were neuropathy (31%), medullary compression syndrome (21%), neutropenia (9%), and death (28%). Conclusion: Out of the analyzed women, 88% presented functional capacity 0 and 1, had no or mild restriction of daily activities, were multiply treated, and manifested manageable symptoms. Others, however, presented moderate to severe clinical complications during the treatment, progressing to exclusive palliative care or death.

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Published

2021-06-09

How to Cite

Rocha, S. R., & Marques, C. A. V. (2021). Functional capacity of women with breast neoplasm undergoing palliative chemotherapy. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 55, e03714. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2020006303714

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Original Article