Chronotype, general health and quality of sleep in a population of Spanish nurses

Authors

  • Fabio Debbia Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Department of Nursing, Córdoba, Spain. Università Degli Studi di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7664-0491
  • Maria José Medina-Valverde Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Department of Nursing, Córdoba, Spain. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0484-8474
  • Aurora García-Arcos Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Department of Nursing, Córdoba, Spain. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5525-3182
  • Antonio Garrido-Gutiérrez Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Department of Nursing, Córdoba, Spain. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3961-3627
  • Maria Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Department of Nursing, Córdoba, Spain. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain. Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5677-0165
  • Pablo Jesús López-Soto Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Department of Nursing, Córdoba, Spain. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain. Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1046-6686

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2020010903752

Keywords:

General Health, Sleep, Nurses, Occupational Health

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between chronotype, general health status and sleep quality in a sample of Spanish nurses. Method: An observational study assessing morningness-eveningness predisposition, general health status and quality of sleep was conducted between January and April 2018. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. A linear regression model was carried out to determine the influence of the variables on the morningness-eveningness type. Results: Morning-type was associated with aging (β = 0.249, p = 0.005), being married (β = 3.970, p = 0.033), and with a self-assessed low daily sleepiness (β = -0.311, p = 0.152). Good quality of sleep was moderately correlated with high values of general health (r = 0.337) and perceived quality of life (r = 0.426). Conclusion: Anomalies of the circadian rhythm together with the features of shift workers may play an important role in predicting self-assessed general health status or the quality of sleep in nurses.

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Published

2021-06-23

How to Cite

Debbia, F., Medina-Valverde, M. J., García-Arcos, A., Garrido-Gutiérrez, A., Rodríguez-Borrego, M. A., & López-Soto, P. J. (2021). Chronotype, general health and quality of sleep in a population of Spanish nurses. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 55, e03752. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2020010903752

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Original Article