Effect of FOCUS-PDCA procedure on improving self-care ability of patients undergoing colostomy for rectal câncer
Keywords:Quality Management, Colostomy, Rectal Neoplasms, Self Care, Aptitude, Oncology Nursing
Objective: To investigate the effect of the FOCUS-PDCA procedure on the self-care ability of patients undergoing colostomy for rectal cancer. Method: A nonrandomized controlled trial of 160 patients with rectal cancer undergoing colostomy. The control group received routine nursing intervention, and the observation group received the FOCUS-PDCA procedure. The self-care ability of the two groups was investigated 1 week and 1 month after surgery, and a comparative analysis was made between the groups. Results: One week after surgery, the self-care ability of rectal cancer patients with colostomy increased from 39.09 points before implementation of the FOCUS-PDCA procedure to 60.15 points after implementation; an increase of 21.06%. One month after surgery, the self-care ability increased from 61.50 points to 83.13 points after implementation of the FOCUS-PDCA procedure; an increase of 21.63%. Conclusion: Application of the FOCUS-PDCA procedure improved the self-care ability of rectal cancer patients undergoing colostomy, improved their physical and mental health, reduced colostomy complications, and improved their quality of life. The results suggest that it is worth applying FOCUS-PDCA more widely.
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