Does breast feeding position influence the onset of nipple trauma?

Authors

  • Kelly Pereira Coca
  • Mônica Antar Gamba Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Departamento de Enfermagem
  • Rebeca de Sousa e Silva Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Universidade Federal de São Paulo
  • Ana Cristina Freitas de Vilhena Abrão Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Departamento de Enfermagem

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342009000200026

Keywords:

Breast feeding, Nipples, Case-control studies, Women's health, Obstetrical nursing

Abstract

The aim of the study was to identify the breast feeding position and holding variables related to nipple trauma. This case-control study assessed the onset of nipple trauma among women hospitalized at a University Hospital in the city of São Paulo, in 2004 and 2005. Subjects were puerperae diagnosed with unilateral or bilateral nipple trauma. Data analysis was performed using chi-square, Student's t, and odds ratio tests (CI= 95%) and correspondence analysis. Participants were 146 puerperal women and their newborns, being 73 cases and 73 controls. Statistically significant position and holding variables for causing lesions were the following: newborns with their necks bent/contorted, chin away from the breast and lip-related defect (turned inward). Trauma prevention at the beginning of breast feeding is crucial for continuing this practice. Following adequate positioning is decisive for establishing effective and prolonged breast feeding.

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Published

2009-06-01

How to Cite

Coca, K. P., Gamba, M. A., Silva, R. de S. e, & Abrão, A. C. F. de V. (2009). Does breast feeding position influence the onset of nipple trauma?. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 43(2), 446-452. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342009000200026

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Section

Original Article