Hypertension associated factors and blood pressure among adolescent workers

  • Carla Spinella Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Hospital de Clínicas; Emergências Clínicas e Cirurgia do Trauma
  • José Luiz Tatagiba Lamas Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas; Departamento de Enfermagem
Keywords: Hypertension, Adolescent, Risk factors

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify hypertension associated factors (AF) and verify blood pressure (BP) levels among adolescent workers. Interviews were conducted with 193 working adolescents - 135 men and 58 women between 16 and 18 years. After five minutes in seated position, their arm circumferences were measured and their BP was determined using correct (CCW) and standard (SCW) cuff widths. The values were related to AF. BP was, in average, 105.2/60.9 mmHg (CCW) and 101.0/57.9 (SCW-p<0.05). Among the AF found, only skin color and alcoholic drinking were associated to BP elevation, also noted in male adolescents. When using CCW, more hypertensive and borderline adolescents were found than using SCW. All of them had at least one AF. It can be concluded that there are several hypertension AF among this population, and some of them are already causing BP elevation. Studies such as this should be made frequently because adolescent blood pressure levels can predict hypertension in adulthood.

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Published
2007-06-01
How to Cite
Spinella, C., & Lamas, J. (2007). Hypertension associated factors and blood pressure among adolescent workers. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 41(2), 196-204. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342007000200004
Section
Original Article