Risk factors for urinary incontinence in women

  • Rosângela Higa Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Centro de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulhe; Divisão de Enfermagem
  • Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas; Departamento de Enfermagem
  • Maria José dos Reis Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Centro de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulher; Divisão de Enfermagem
Keywords: Urinary incontinence, Risk factors, Women's health, Nursing

Abstract

The goal of this study was to conduct a review of the main papers published between 1983 and 2003 on the main risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) in women. Thirty-eight publications in English and Portuguese were analyzed using the MEDLINE and LILACS databases as well as through research in libraries. There is evidence that the main risk factors are age, pelvic floor trauma, hereditary factors, race, menopausal status, obesity, chronic diseases, use of some sympathomimetics and parasympatholitics, constipation, smoking, coffee consumption and intense abdominal exercises. Nurses are able to identify these factors through anamnesis and determine interventions for the prevention and treatment of UI, thus contributing to improve incontinent women's quality of life.

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Published
2008-03-01
How to Cite
Higa, R., Lopes, M., & Reis, M. (2008). Risk factors for urinary incontinence in women. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 42(1), 187-192. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342008000100025
Section
Artigo de Revisão