Effectiveness of prayer in reducing anxiety in cancer patients

  • Camila Csizmar Carvalho Federal University of Alfenas
  • Erika de Cássia Lopes Chaves Federal University of Alfenas
  • Denise Hollanda Iunes Federal University of Alfenas
  • Talita Prado Simão University of São Paulo
  • Cristiane da Silva Marciano Grasselli Federal University of Alfenas
  • Cristiane Giffoni Braga Wenceslau Braz Nursing School

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effect of prayer on anxiety in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: Quasi-experimental study, with pre and post-intervention. Twenty patients admitted to treatment of continuous intravenous chemotherapy were recruited. The volunteers were evaluated through interviews using a questionnaire of sociodemographic, clinical and spiritual characteristics, the Index of Religiosity Duke University and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Vital signs were measured and collected salivary cortisol. The intervention was applied prayer and data collection occurred in three phases: first collection (baseline), pre and post-intervention. Results: The data found between the pre and post-intervention samples showed different statistically significant for state anxiety (p= <0.00), blood pressure (systolic, p=0.00, diastolic, p=<0.00) and respiratory rate (p=0.04). Conclusion: Prayer, therefore, proved to be an effective strategy in reducing the anxiety of the patient undergoing chemotherapy.




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Published
2014-08-01
How to Cite
Carvalho, C., Chaves, E., Iunes, D., Simão, T., Grasselli, C., & Braga, C. (2014). Effectiveness of prayer in reducing anxiety in cancer patients . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 48(4), 684-690. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420140000400016
Section
Original Articles