Apneia obstrutiva do sono e tabagismo

uma revisão de literatura

Palavras-chave: Síndromes da apneia do sono, Tabagismo, Fatores de risco, Apneia obstrutiva do sono, Ronco, Produtos do tabaco

Resumo

A apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) é caracterizada por obstruções totais ou parciais das vias aéreas superiores, é altamente prevalente e subdiagnosticada na população geral e pode ocasionar múltiplas consequências deletérias. Evidências recentes mostram um efeito sinérgico entre o tabagismo e a AOS para o desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares e aumento da morbimortalidade. No entanto, os mecanismos pelos quais o tabagismo contribui com o desenvolvimento da AOS, permanecem pouco discutidos até o momento. O objetivo do presente estudo é revisar a correlação dos efeitos do tabagismo no desenvolvimento da AOS. Este trabalho foi elaborado a partir de uma revisão da literatura nas bases de dados Pubmed (104 artigos), SciELO (42 artigos) e Lilacs (9 artigos) no período entre 1999 a 2017, totalizando 155 artigos. Como critério de inclusão, foram utilizados apenas artigos que correlacionavam o tabagismo com a AOS e foram excluídos artigos que relacionavam a AOS com outras condições clínicas, que utilizaram questionários de sono como método diagnóstico, que não foram publicados dentro do período estipulado que encontravam-se repetidos nas bases de dados utilizados.

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Biografia do Autor

Juliane Cardozo Alves, Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas - FMU

Fisioterapeuta, Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas (FMU), São Paulo, SP, BR.

Joyce Kelly Lima Santos da Silva, Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas - FMU

Fisioterapeuta, Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas (FMU), São Paulo, SP, BR.

Sofia Fontanello Furlan, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

Especialista em Fisioterapia Respiratória, Hospital Universitário da USP (HU USP), Doutora em Ciências pela Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Pós Doutoranda pela Faculdade de Medicina da USP, São Paulo, SP, BR.

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Publicado
2020-04-23
Como Citar
Alves, J., Silva, J. K., & Furlan, S. (2020). Apneia obstrutiva do sono e tabagismo. Revista De Medicina, 99(2), 164-169. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1679-9836.v99i2p164-169
Seção
Artigos de Revisão/Review Articles