Putting Science to Work


  • David Miller University of Warwick




Ciência teórica, Progresso tecnológico, Ciência aplicada


Embora seja incontestável que existe uma relação íntima entre a ciência teórica e o progresso tecnológico, a relação é persistentemente deturpada. O que é especialmente mal compreendido é quão indireta é a aplicação em tecnologia e engenharia de leis científicas. Isso não é diminuir a importância da ciência básica, mas situá-la corretamente. Permite-nos também identificar o sentido em que a tecnologia é uma aplicação da ciência, e explicar como ela participa plenamente de sua racionalidade.


Os dados de download ainda não estão disponíveis.


Basalla, G. (1988). The Evolution of Technology. Cambridge, New York, & Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Bhattacharya, A. (2008). 'Doubts raised over vaccine boost theory'. Chemistry World. <https://www.chemistryworld.com/news/doubts-raised-over-vaccine-boost-theory/3001326.article>

Boon, M. (2006). 'How Science Is Applied in Technology'. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20, 1, pp.27–47.

Calaprice, A., editor (2011). The Ultimate Quotable Einstein. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Cosarinsky, M.I. & Roces, F. (2012). 'The Construction of Turrets for Nest Ventilation in the Grass-Cutting Ant Atta vollenweideri: Import and Assembly of Building Materials'. Journal of Insect Behavior 25, 3, pp.222–241.

Crowther, J.G. & Whiddington, R. (1947). Science at War. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office.

DeGroot, G. (2004). The Bomb. A Life. London: Jonathan Cape.

Deutsch, D.E. (2011). The Beginning of Infinity. Explanations that Transform the World. London: Allen Lane.

Finn, J.K., Tregenza, T., & Norman, M.D. (2009). 'Defensive tool use in a coconut-carrying octopus'. Current Biology 19, 23, 15.xii.2009, R1069–R1070.

Frank, P. (1948). Einstein. His Life and Times. London: Jonathan Cape.

Gombrich, E.H.J. (1982). 'Franz Schubert and the Vienna of His Time'. The Yale Literary Magazine, 149, February 1982, pp.15–36. Page references are to R.Woodfield, editor (1996), pp.547–564. The Essential Gombrich. London: Phaidon Press.

Grove, J.W. (1989). In Defence of Science. Science, Technology, and Politics in Modern Society. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Hatfield, H.S. (1948). The Inventor and His World. 2nd edition. West Drayton & New York: Pelican Books. 1st edition 1933.

Helden, A. van, Dupré, S., Gent, R. van, & Zuidervaart, H. (2010). The Origins of the Telescope. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Holloway, D. (1994). Stalin and the Bomb. The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy 1939–1956. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Jenkin, J.G. (2011). 'Atomic Energy is ''Moonshine'': What Did Rutherford Really Mean?'. Physics in Perspective 13, pp.128–145.

Jungk, R. (1958). Brighter than a Thousand Suns. New York: Harcourt Brace.

Kuhn, T.S. (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2nd edition 1970.

Ladyman, J. (2002). Understanding Philosophy of Science. London & New York: Routledge.

Meyers, M.A. (2007). Happy Accidents. Serendipity in Modern Medical Breakthroughs. New York: Arcade Publishing.

Michl, J. (2002). 'On Seeing Design as Redesign: An Exploration of a Neglected Problem in Design Education'. Scandinavian Journal of Design History 12, pp.7–23.

Miller, D.W. (1994). Critical Rationalism. A Restatement and Defence. Chicago & La Salle IL: Open Court Publishing Company.

Miller, D.W. (1998). 'Is Scientific Knowledge an Inexhaustible Economic Resource?'. The Critical Rationalist 3, 1, 17.iv.1998. <http://www.tkpw.net/tcr/volume-03/number-01/v03n01.pdf>

Miller, D.W. (2006). Out of Error. Further Essays on Critical Rationalism. Aldershot & Burlington VT: Ashgate.

Pasternak, C.A. (2012). Blinkers: Scientific Ignorance and Evasion. The Case for Science. Huntingdon: Smith-Gordon.

Petroski, H. (2010). The Essential Engineer. Why Science Alone Will Not Solve Our Global Problems. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Popper, K.R. (1935). Logik der Forschung. Vienna: Julius Springer Verlag.

Popper, K.R. (1944). 'The Poverty of Historicism II'. Economica ns XI, 43, pp.119–137. Reprinted as Part III of K.R.Popper (1957). The Poverty of Historicism. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Popper, K.R. (1959). The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson & Co. Enlarged English translation of Popper (1935).

Popper, K.R. (1963). Conjectures and Refutations. The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 5th edition 1989.

Popper, K.R. (1969). 'A Pluralist Approach to the Philosophy of History'. In E. Streissler, G. Haberler, F.A. Lutz, & F. Machlup, editors (1969), pp.181–200. Roads of Freedom; Essays in Honour of Friedrich A. von Hayek. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Revised version: Chapter 7 of Popper (1994).

Popper, K.R. (1972). Objective Knowledge. An Evolutionary Approach. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 2nd edition 1979.

Popper, K.R. (1979). 'Epistemology and Industrialization. Remarks on the Influence of Philosophical Ideas on the History of Europe'. In Ordo 30 , pp.3–20. Zur Verfassung der Freiheit. Festgabe fűr Friedrich A. von Hayek zur Vollendung seines achtzigsten Lebensjahres. Stuttgart & New York: Gustav Fischer Verlag. Revised version of a lecture first delivered in 1959. Reprinted as Chapter 9 of Popper (1994).

Popper, K.R. (1994). The Myth of the Framework. In Defence of Science and Rationality}#. London & New York: Routledge.

Rihll, T.E. & Tucker, J.V. (2002). 'Practice Makes Perfect: Knowledge of Materials in Classical Athens'. In C.J. Tuplin & T.E. Rihll, editors (2002). Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture, pp.274–305. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Roberts, A. (2010). 'Introduction'. In Past Present and Future. The Public Value of the Humanities and Social Sciences, pp.2–6. London: British Academy.

Siem, C.E. (1956). 'A Stress Analysis of a Strapless Evening Gown'. The Indicator, November 1956. Reprinted in R.A.Baker, editor (1963). A Stress Analysis of a Strapless Evening Gown and other essays for a scientific age, pp.119–124. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Skolimowski, H. (1966). 'The Structure of Thinking in Technology'. Technology and Culture 7, pp.371–383. Reprinted in F.Rapp, editor (1974). Contributions to a Philosophy of Technology, pp.72–85. Dordrecht: D.Reidel.

Snow, C.P. (1969). The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution. The Rede Lecture 1959. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Reprinted in Snow (1964b), pp.1–51.

Snow, C.P. (1964a). 'The Two Cultures: A Second Look'. In Snow (1964b), pp.53–100.

Snow, C.P. (1964b). The Two Cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thomas, J. Meurig (2001). 'Predictions'. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 55, 1, pp.105–117.

Thomson, G.P. (1937). The Atom. Oxford & elsewhere: Oxford University Press. 2nd edition. 1st edition 1930.

Vincenti, W.G. (1990). What Engineers Know and How They Know It. Baltimore MD & London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Wilson, M. (1993). 'Honorable Intensions'. In S.J.Wagner & R.Warner, editors (1993), pp.53–94. Naturalism: A Critical Appraisal. Notre Dame IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

Zahar, E.G. (2007). Why Science Needs Metaphysics. A Plea for Structural Realism. Chicago & La Salle IL: Open Court Publishing Company.