Historical timbers in traditional vessels of the lower São Francisco River

  • João Carlos Ferreira de Melo Júnior Universidade da Região de Joinville
  • Cláudia Franca de Barros Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro
Keywords: Cultural heritage, Naval heritage, Wood anatomy, Forest resources, Velho Chico.

Abstract

Traditional boats are directly linked to the history of the São Francisco river and its riverine communities, one of the largest navigable rivers that allowed the colonization of northeastern Brazil. This study is aimed to identify the wood used in the construction of boats from the lower São Francisco river, and generates subsidies to better understand the relations of use of forest resources destined to traditional naval carpentry. Four boats were studied belonging to the museum collection of the National Sea Museum, São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina. The collection of historical timber was performed with the aid increment borer for subsequent production of histological slides and anatomical description. The identification of the timber was conducted by comparison with reference collection. Eleven timber species were identified in the construction of the boat’s components. They are: Apuleia leiocarpa (Fabaceae), Astronium graveolens (Anacardiaceae), Brosimum gaudichaudii (Moraceae), Dalbergia nigra (Fabaceae), Hymenaea courbaril (Fabaceae), Manilkara dardanoi (Sapotaceae), Myracrodruon urundeuva (Anacardiaceae), Paubrasilia echinata (Fabaceae), Sextonia rubra (Lauraceae), Tabebuia aurea (Bignoniaceae) and Terminalia glabrencens (Combretaceae). The knowledge about the timber and their technological use provide to the construction of traditional boats a rich cultural meaning that integrates people and trees in the landscape of the São Francisco river.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

João Carlos Ferreira de Melo Júnior, Universidade da Região de Joinville

Pós-doutorado em Botânica pela Escola Nacional de Botânica
Tropical do Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Coordenador do Laboratório de Anatomia e Ecologia
da Universidade da Região de Joinville.

Cláudia Franca de Barros, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro
Doutorado em Ciências Biológicas (Biofísica) pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Pesquisadora do Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.
Published
2017-12-31
How to Cite
Melo Júnior, J. C., & Barros, C. (2017). Historical timbers in traditional vessels of the lower São Francisco River. Revista Do Museu De Arqueologia E Etnologia, (28). https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2448-1750.revmae.2017.125770
Section
Articles