Firing temperature determination and thermoluminescence dating of a brick with cuneiform characters found in the ruins of Ancient Babylon

  • Rodrigo P. da Silva Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo
  • Diego R.G. Tudela Universidade de São PauloEscola PolitécnicaDepartamento de Engenharia Elétrica
  • Casimiro S. Munita Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear Instituto de Pesquisas Nucleares
  • Roberto Hazenfratz Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear Instituto de Pesquisas Nucleares
  • Sonia H. Tatumi Universidade Federal de São Paulo
  • Marcio Yee Universidade Federal de São Paulo
  • Juan C.R. Mittani Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Keywords: XRD, EPR, TL, INAA, Babylonian cuneiform brick.

Abstract

This paper aims to study a brick with inscriptions in cuneiform characters in  which the sentences are almost complete. Typological studies in agreement with historical records suggest that the tablet was manufactured in the 6th century  BCE during the dynasty of Nebuchadnezzar II, Great King of Babylon. The  sample was studied by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), thermoluminescence (TL), and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) techniques. The results showed that the brick is 2350 years old (± 40) and its firing temperature was lower than 400 °C.

 

 

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Author Biographies

Rodrigo P. da Silva, Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo
Professor at Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo, Campus Engenheiro Coelho.
Diego R.G. Tudela, Universidade de São PauloEscola PolitécnicaDepartamento de Engenharia Elétrica

Doctorate student at Universidade de São Paulo.

Casimiro S. Munita, Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear Instituto de Pesquisas Nucleares
Researcher from Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares.
Roberto Hazenfratz, Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear Instituto de Pesquisas Nucleares

PhD from Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares.

Sonia H. Tatumi, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Professor at Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Campus Baixada Santista.

 

Marcio Yee, Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Professor at Universidade Federal de São Paulo.
Juan C.R. Mittani, Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Professor at Universidade Federal de São Paulo.
Published
2017-12-31
How to Cite
Silva, R., Tudela, D., Munita, C., Hazenfratz, R., Tatumi, S., Yee, M., & Mittani, J. (2017). Firing temperature determination and thermoluminescence dating of a brick with cuneiform characters found in the ruins of Ancient Babylon. Revista Do Museu De Arqueologia E Etnologia, (28). https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2448-1750.revmae.2017.133911
Section
Articles