Archaeological fakes and forgeries in Turkey

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2448-1750.revmae.2021.173939

Palavras-chave:

Archaeological fakes, Turkey, Turkish museums, Forgeries, Replicas

Resumo

Este artigo discute a autenticidade arqueológica na Turquia dos pontos de vista científico-acadêmico e popular. Na Turquia, “falsificações arqueológicas” que um dia receberam pouca atenção tem criado debates públicos nos últimos cinco anos. Apesar de já conhecido, o problema não era abordado de forma constante em pesquisas científicas. É provável que ainda tenhamos um longo caminho até que os arqueólogos turcos sejam capazes de lidar com este assunto em termos científicos e aceitá-lo como um importante campo de estudos. Embora a Turquia seja um país-chave tanto para a descoberta de originais quanto para a produção de falsificações, sabemos pouco sobre quais materiais devem ser categorizados como réplicas ou falsificações, quais objetos foram classificados, quais materiais foram falsificados, por que e por quem. Estima-se que o número de falsificações expostas em museus locais seja muito alto, incluindo inúmeras lamparinas, moedas, objetos metálicos (especialmente de prata) e pedras preciosas. Nos mercados internacionais conhecemos várias tipos de objetos que foram falsificadas na Turquia, uma vez que é particularmente difícil distinguir entre moedas autênticas ou falsificações modernas, por exemplo. Diversos escândalos de falsificação em museus turcos surgiram nos últimos dez anos. Há duas explicações para os enganos: os administradores do museu não sabem nada sobre as falsificações, ou há outras razões pelas quais tais itens são apresentados como reais em exposições. Este artigo acompanha um catálogo amostral para a reanálise dos artefatos utilizando múltiplos critérios para a determinação de sua não autenticidade.

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Biografia do Autor

Ergün Lafli, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi. Edebiyat Fakültesi. Arkeoloji Bölümü

Professor of Classical Archaeology at the Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir; Chair of the Division of Medieval Archaeology and the Director of the Archaeological Center of Western Anatolia (EKVAM).

Maurizio Buora, Società Friulana di Archeologiam Udine

Società  Friulana  di  Archeologiam  Udine.  Ex-director  of  Civici  Musei  Udine.  

 

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Publicado

2021-06-30

Como Citar

Lafli, E., & Buora, M. (2021). Archaeological fakes and forgeries in Turkey. Revista Do Museu De Arqueologia E Etnologia, (36), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2448-1750.revmae.2021.173939

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