Prenatal tracheal ligation or intra-amniotic administration of surfactant or dexamethasone prevents some structural changes in the pulmonary arteries of surgically created diaphragmatic hernia in rabbits

Authors

  • Consuelo J. Rodrigues University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine; Hospital das Clínicas
  • Uenis Tannuri University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine; Hospital das Clínicas
  • Ana Cristina A. Tannuri University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine; Hospital das Clínicas
  • João Maksoud-Filho University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine; Hospital das Clínicas
  • Aldo J. Rodrigues Junior University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine; Hospital das Clínicas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0041-87812002000100001

Keywords:

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Persistent pulmonary hypertension, Pulmonary hypoplasia, Surfactant, Glucocorticoid

Abstract

PURPOSE: Characterization of the structural changes occurring in the pulmonary arteries resulting from surgically produced congenital diaphragmatic hernia in rabbits, with particular emphasis on the preventive effects of prenatal tracheal ligation or administration of intra-amniotic dexamethasone or surfactant. METHODS: Twenty rabbit fetuses underwent surgical creation of a left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia on the 24th or 25th gestational day. They were divided according to the following procedures: congenital diaphragmatic hernia (n = 5), congenital diaphragmatic hernia plus tracheal ligation (n = 5), congenital diaphragmatic hernia plus intra-amniotic administration of dexamethasone 0.4 mg (n = 5) or surfactant (Curosurf 40 mg, n = 5). On gestational day 30, all the fetuses were delivered by caesarean section and killed. A control group consisted of five nonoperated fetuses. Histomorphometric analysis of medial thickness, cell nuclei density, and elastic fiber density of pulmonary arterial walls was performed. RESULTS: Arteries with an external diameter >; 100 mum have a decreased medial thickness, lower cell nuclei density, and greater elastic fiber density when compared with arteries with external diameter <= 100 mum. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia promoted a significant decrease in medial thickness and an increase in cell nuclei density in artery walls with external diameter >; 100 mum. Prenatal treatments with tracheal ligation or intra-amniotic administration of dexamethasone or surfactant prevented these changes. In arteries with external diameter <= 100 mum, congenital diaphragmatic hernia promoted a significant increase in medial thickness and in cell nuclei density and a decrease in elastic fiber density. The prenatal treatments with tracheal ligation or intra-amniotic administration of dexamethasone or surfactant prevented these changes, although no effect was observed in elastic fiber density in the congenital diaphragmatic hernia plus dexamethasone group. CONCLUSIONS: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia promoted different structural changes for large or small arteries. The prenatal intra-amniotic administration of dexamethasone or surfactant had positive effects on the lung structural changes promoted by congenital diaphragmatic hernia, and these effects were comparable to the changes induced by tracheal ligation.

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Published

2002-02-01

How to Cite

Rodrigues, C. J., Tannuri, U., Tannuri, A. C. A., Maksoud-Filho, J., & Rodrigues Junior, A. J. (2002). Prenatal tracheal ligation or intra-amniotic administration of surfactant or dexamethasone prevents some structural changes in the pulmonary arteries of surgically created diaphragmatic hernia in rabbits . Revista Do Hospital Das Clínicas, 57(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0041-87812002000100001

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Original Articles