HIV-1: maternal prognosis

Authors

  • Patrícia El Beitune University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto; Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics
  • Geraldo Duarte University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto; Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics
  • Silvana Maria Quintana University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto; Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics
  • Ernesto Antônio Figueiró-Filho University of São Paulo; Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto; Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0041-87812004000100005

Keywords:

HIV-1, Pregnancy, Abortion, Immunology, Prognosis

Abstract

Profound modifications in the profile of patients are currently being observed within the epidemic context of AIDS, especially with respect to pauperization and feminization of the disease. The population most frequently affected is in the reproductive age, and among adults aged 18 to 24 years, the ratio is 1 man to 1 woman, a phenomenon occurring uniformly all over the world. One of the main challenges for HIV-1-infected pregnant women and their doctors is the effect of the interaction between HIV infection and pregnancy. The present article is a review of the literature; and its objective is to assess the influence of HIV-1 infection seen from the maternal perspective, with a discussion of immunologic function, maternal prognosis, and the HIV-abortion interface. At present, we cannot conclude that pregnancy has a short-term effect on the evolution of HIV infection, but the concomitance of HIV and pregnancy may adversely affect the prognosis of gestation, especially in view of its frequent association with increased abortion and puerperal morbidity rates.

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Published

2004-02-01

How to Cite

El Beitune, P., Duarte, G., Quintana, S. M., & Figueiró-Filho, E. A. (2004). HIV-1: maternal prognosis . Revista Do Hospital Das Clínicas, 59(1), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0041-87812004000100005

Issue

Section

Reviews