Molecular dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic in Espirito Santo (Brazil) and border States

Authors

  • Renata Torezani Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5812-6528
  • Aura Marcela Corredor Vargas Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1686-966X
  • Juliana Santa Ardisson Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0754-0865
  • Milenna Machado Pirovani Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Departamento de Farmácia e Nutrição, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil
  • Pedro Henrique Dias dos Santos Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Departamento de Fitopatologia, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0325-7947
  • Greiciane Gaburro Paneto Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Departamento de Farmácia e Nutrição, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8035-4199
  • Teodiano Freire Bastos-Filho Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Elétrica, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1185-2773

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946202264024%20

Keywords:

SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, Lineages, Espirito Santo, Brazil

Abstract

This study represents the first overview of the epidemiological dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 in Espirito Santo (ES) State, Brazil, filling in knowledge on this topic, observing data collected in the State, and aiming at understanding the epidemiological dynamics of the virus in ES, as well as its possible routes of transmission and dissemination. . Our results highlight that, so far, nine lineages have been identified with ES State. The B.1.1.33 lineage was the first with the highest occurrence in ES, remaining predominant until September 2020. The second predominant lineage was Gamma, representing 45% of the samples. The Delta lineage appears on the State scene, proving to be the next dominant lineage. This research allowed us to understand how the lineages advanced and were distributed in the State, which is important for future work, also making it possible to guide sanitary control measures. Data analyses were made through the GISAID database for ES State showed that the pandemic in the State has been evolving dynamically with lineage replacements over the months since the first notification.

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Published

2022-05-16

How to Cite

Torezani, R. ., Vargas, A. M. C. ., Ardisson, J. S. ., Pirovani, M. M. ., Santos, P. H. D. dos ., Paneto, G. G. ., & Bastos-Filho, T. F. . (2022). Molecular dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic in Espirito Santo (Brazil) and border States. Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo, 64, e24. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946202264024

Issue

Section

Original Article