Work-nonwork conflict: an urgent situation for Brazilian women


  • Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade, São PAULO, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil
  • Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade, São PAULO, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil



Women, Men, Work-nonwork conflict



Going further on a broad understanding of nonwork besides family, this study aims to analyze differences between women and men considering work-nonwork conflict (WNWC) in the Brazilian context, investigating time spent in eight nonwork dimensions and the dimensions more affected.


The study was quantitative and descriptive. A survey was conducted, based on a validated WNWC scale. The sample consisted of 338 professionals working in Brazil. Data analysis was conducted through descriptive statistics and analysis of variance.


Compared to men, women declare higher levels of WNWC considering the eight nonwork dimensions, present greater differences in stress-based conflicts and in more collective dimensions and have marriage or no children associated with more WNWC.

Research limitations/implications

The study highlights the need to include more nonwork aspects into career and management studies to influence organizational practices and individual choices. The main limitation is the non-probabilistic sample (results not generalizable).

Practical implications

Know more about WNWC will help organizations to improve lives by creating practices and a cultural environment to preserve women’s and men’s nonwork times. It may also help people to choose places to work for, matching their nonwork needs.

Social implications

The study reinforces demands from new family arrangements, more couples in dual-career and an aging society: organizations must prepare to have workers that want or need to dedicate time to other interests besides family or children.


It goes further on a broad understanding of nonwork besides family to understand WNWC and how it may affect differently men and women.


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