Comportamentos de risco associados à gravidez na adolescência: desafios contemporâneos relacionados ao uso de substâncias

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2176-7262.rmrp.2021.173941

Palavras-chave:

Uso de substâncias, Ocorrência, Risco químico para a saúde, Prevenção

Resumo

A gravidez na adolescência é um problema de saúde pública mundial. O número desse fenômeno está aumentando a cada ano. Uma das razões para esse agravamento é o uso de substâncias. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo discutir a gravidez na adolescência e o risco químico à saúde de comportamentos inadequados. O método aplicado consistiu em um estudo transversal de desenho observacional associado ao levantamento de conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas realizado em 42 adolescentes grávidas de 12 a 18 anos em uma maternidade pública de grande porte no Rio de Janeiro. Foi aplicado questionário estruturado na consulta pré-natal de novembro de 2017 a outubro de 2018. Foram elaboradas tabelas descritivas com frequências em números absolutos e percentuais. 11 adolescentes (26,19%) relataram ter fumado 7 cigarros por dia (DP = 4,51), com variação de 5 a 45 cigarros / dia. Em relação ao consumo de álcool, 16 (38,09%) admitiram ter bebido pelo menos uma vez durante a gravidez e 8 (19,05%) de forma abusiva. Em relação aos outros tipos de drogas, 12 (28,57%) admitiram ter consumido durante a gravidez e 3 (7,14%) delas relataram uso de drogas intravenosas. 7 (16,66%) relacionavam-se com outro usuário de drogas injetáveis. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que o uso de drogas ilícitas pelas adolescentes grávidas entrevistadas foi 4 vezes maior do que a prevalência registrada na literatura para pessoas de 12 a 17 anos. No caso do uso de cigarro, essa diferença também foi observada, chegando a 20 pontos percentuais.

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Publicado

2021-10-01

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1.
Nichele C da ST, Ferreira AP. Comportamentos de risco associados à gravidez na adolescência: desafios contemporâneos relacionados ao uso de substâncias. Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) [Internet]. 1 de outubro de 2021 [citado 1 de outubro de 2022];54(2):e-173941. Disponível em: https://www.revistas.usp.br/rmrp/article/view/173941

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