The impact of migration on women’s mental health in the postpartum period

Authors

  • Lígia Moreira Almeida Universidade do Porto; Faculdade de Medicina; Instituto de Saúde Pública
  • Cristina Costa-Santos Universidade do Porto; Faculdade de Medicina; Centro de Investigação em Tecnologias e Serviços de Saúde
  • José Peixoto Caldas Universidade de Fortaleza
  • Sónia Dias Universidade Nova de Lisboa; Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical
  • Diogo Ayres-de-Campos Universidade do Porto; Faculdade de Medicina; Centro Hospitalar de São João

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1518-8787.2016050005617

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of I mmigration on the psychological health of women after childbirth. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, immigrant and Portuguese-native women delivering in the four public hospitals of the metropolitan area of Porto, Portugal, were contacted by telephone between February and December 2012 during the first postpartum month to schedule a home visit and fill in a questionnaire. Most immigrant (76.1%) and Portuguese mothers (80.0%) agreed to participate and with the visits, thus a total of 89 immigrants and 188 Portuguese women were included in the study. The questionnaire included the application of four validated scales: Mental Health Inventory-5, Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, and Scale of Satisfaction with Social Support. Statistical analysis included t-test and Chi-square or Fisher’s test, and logistic regression models. RESULTS Immigrants had an increased risk of postpartum depression (OR = 6.444, 95%CI 1.858–22.344), and of low satisfaction with social support (OR = 6.118, 95%CI 1.991–18.798). We did not perceive any associations between migrant state, perceived stress, and impoverished mental health. CONCLUSIONS Immigrant mothers have increased vulnerabilities in the postpartum period, resulting in an increased risk of postpartum depression and lesser satisfaction with the received social support.

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Published

2016-01-01

How to Cite

Almeida, L. M., Costa-Santos, C., Caldas, J. P., Dias, S., & Ayres-de-Campos, D. (2016). The impact of migration on women’s mental health in the postpartum period . Revista De Saúde Pública, 50, 35. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1518-8787.2016050005617

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Section

Original Articles