Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index-20 (IVCF-20): rapid recognition of frail older adults

Authors

  • Edgar Nunes de Moraes Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Faculdade de Medicina; Departamento de Clínica Médica
  • Juliana Alves do Carmo Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Flávia Lanna de Moraes Prefeitura de Belo Horizonte; Secretaria Municipal da Saúde
  • Raquel Souza Azevedo Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Hospital das Clínicas
  • Carla Jorge Machado Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Faculdade de Medicina; Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social
  • Dalia Elena Romero Montilla Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde; Laboratório de Informação em Saúde

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/s1518-8787.2016050006963

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the adequacy of the Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index-20, a rapid triage instrument to test vulnerability in Brazilian older adults, for the use in primary health care. METHODS The study included convenience sample of 397 patients aged older than or equal to 60 years attended at Centro de Referência para o Idoso (Reference Center for Older Adults) and of 52 older adults the same age attended at the community. The results of the questionnaire, consisting of 20 questions, were compared with those of the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment, considered a reference for identifying frail older adults. Spearman’s correlation was evaluated in the Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index-20 with the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment; the validity was verified by the area under the ROC curve; reliability was estimated by the percentage of agreement among evaluators and by the kappa coefficient, both with quadratic weighted. The cut-off point was obtained based on the higher accuracy criterion. Cronbach’s alpha, a measure of internal consistency, was estimated. RESULTS The Spearman’s correlation coefficient was high and positive for both groups (0.792 for older adults attended at the Reference Center and 0.305 for older adults from the community [p < 0.001]). The area under the ROC curve for older adults attended at the Reference Center was substantial (0.903). The cut-off point obtained was six, and older adults with scores in Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index-20 above that value had strong possibility of being frail. For older adults from the community, the quadratic weighted agreement among evaluators was 99.5%, and the global quadratic weighted kappa coefficient was 0.94. Cronbach’s alpha was high for older adults attended at the Reference Center (0.861) and those attended at the community (0.740). CONCLUSIONS The Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index-20 questionnaire, in the sample examined, turned out to be positively correlated with the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment, in addition to the results indicating a high degree of validity and reliability. Thus, the Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index-20 proves to be viable as a triage instrument in the primary health care that identifies frail older adults (older adults at risk of weakening and frail older adults).

Published

2016-01-01

How to Cite

Moraes, E. N. de, Carmo, J. A. do, Moraes, F. L. de, Azevedo, R. S., Machado, C. J., & Montilla, D. E. R. (2016). Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index-20 (IVCF-20): rapid recognition of frail older adults . Revista De Saúde Pública, 50, 81. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1518-8787.2016050006963

Issue

Section

Original Articles