Adolescent pregnancy and transition to adulthood in young users of the SUS

  • Elisabeth Meloni Vieira Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Medicina; Departamento de Medicina Social
  • Aylene Bousquat Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Saúde Pública; Departamento de Política, Gestão e Saúde
  • Claudia Renata dos Santos Barros Universidade Católica de Santos
  • Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo; Instituto de Saúde
Keywords: Pregnancy in Adolescence, Young Adult, Gender and Health, Social Support

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to contextualize adolescent pregnancy from milestones associated with the process of transition from youth to adulthood. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 200 adolescents, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System. The sample size for the estimation of proportions has been calculated assuming a population ratio of 0.50 and 95% confidence level. The dependent variables – planned pregnancy, living with a partner, and having left the parents’ house – have been considered as markers of transition from dependence to independence, from youth to adulthood. In the analysis of the associated factors, we have used the Poisson model with robust variance. RESULTS Average age was 17.3 years, and most adolescents lived with a partner; approximately half of the adolescents got pregnant from their first partner and the average age of first sexual intercourse was 14.6 years. Only 19% of the adolescents were studying and most dropped out of school before the beginning of the pregnancy. In the bivariate and multiple analysis, we could see that the relationship with a partner for more than two years was associated with the three dependent variables. CONCLUSIONS The path of transition to adulthood has been the establishment of a link with a partner and consequent pregnancy, suggesting a clear pattern of male guardianship. The changing role of women in society observed in recent decades, which means choosing a professional career, defining the number of children, and choosing their partner(s), has not reached these young persons.
Published
2017-01-01
How to Cite
Vieira, E., Bousquat, A., Barros, C., & Alves, M. (2017). Adolescent pregnancy and transition to adulthood in young users of the SUS. Revista De Saúde Pública, 51, 25. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1518-8787.2017051006528
Section
Original Articles