Main characteristics of patients of primary health care services in Brazil

Authors

  • Ione Aquemi Guibu Santa Casa de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Departamento de Saúde Coletiva
  • José Cássio de Moraes Santa Casa de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Departamento de Saúde Coletiva
  • Augusto Afonso Guerra Junior Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Faculdade de Farmácia. Departamento de Farmácia Social
  • Ediná Alves Costa Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Saúde Coletiva
  • Francisco de Assis Acurcio Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Faculdade de Farmácia. Departamento de Farmácia Social
  • Karen Sarmento Costa Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Núcleo de Estudos de Políticas Públicas Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Ciências. Departamento de Saúde Coletiva. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Faculdade de Medicina. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia
  • Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski Universidade de Brasília. Faculdade de Ceilândia
  • Orlando Mario Soeiro Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
  • Silvana Nair Leite Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Departamento de Ciências Farmacêuticas
  • Juliana Álvares Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Faculdade de Farmácia. Departamento de Farmácia Social

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2017051007070

Keywords:

Pharmaceutical Services, utilization.Patients. Health Profile. Socioeconomic Factors. Primary Health Care. Health Services Research. Unified Health System

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize patients of primary health care services according to demographic and socioeconomic aspects, habits and lifestyle, health condition, and demand for health services and medicines. METHODS: This study is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos – Serviços (PNAUM – National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines – Services), a cross-sectional study carried out between 2014 and 2015. Interviews were conducted with patients over the age of 17 years, with a standardized questionnaire, in primary health care services of a representative sample of cities, stratified by regions of Brazil. The analysis was performed for complex samples and weighted according to the population size of each region. RESULTS: A total of 8,676 patients were interviewed, being 75.8% women, most of them aged from 18 to 39 years; 24.2% men, most of them aged from 40 to 59 years; 53.7% with elementary school; 50.5% reported to be of mixed race ethnicity, 39.7%, white, and 7.8%, black. Half of patients were classified as class C and 24.8% received the Bolsa Familia benefit. Only 9.8% had health insurance, with higher proportion in the South and lower in the North and Midwest. The proportion of men who consumed alcohol was higher than among women, as well as smokers. The self-assessment of health showed that 57% believed it to be very good or good, with lower proportion in the Northeast. The prevalence of chronic diseases/conditions, such as hypertension (38.6%), dyslipidemia (22.7%), arthritis/rheumatism (19.4%), depression (18.5%), diabetes (13.6%), and others are higher in these patients them among the general population. Medicines were predominantly sought in the health care service or in pharmacies of the Brazilian Unified Health System. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to characterize the profile of patients of Primary Health Care, but the originality of the research and its national scope hinders the comparison of results with official data or other articles

Published

2017-09-22

How to Cite

Guibu, I. A., Moraes, J. C. de, Guerra Junior, A. A., Costa, E. A., Acurcio, F. de A., Costa, K. S., Karnikowski, M. G. de O., Soeiro, O. M., Leite, S. N., & Álvares, J. (2017). Main characteristics of patients of primary health care services in Brazil. Revista De Saúde Pública, 51(suppl.2), 17s. https://doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2017051007070

Issue

Section

Original Articles