Performance of Holstein calves having free access to milk and dosed with Megasphaera elsdenii


  • Mukengela Claude Muya Agricultural Research Council-API
  • Lourens Johannes Erasmus University of Pretoria
  • Kevin Miller MS Biotec
  • Celine Aperce MS Biotec
  • Florence Veronica Nherera Agricultural Research Council-API
  • Portia Mamothaladi Moshidi Agricultural Research Council-API



Beta-hydroxybutyrate, rumen development, weaning, probiotics


Megasphaera elsdenii converts lactate and glucose into butyrate, the main volatile fatty acid responsible of papillae development and may benefit calf performance. Twenty-six Holstein calves (BW = 34.5 ± 1.65 kg) were randomly assigned at birth to a control group (Meg0) and a group that received an oral dose of M. elsdenii NCIMB 41125 at 14 d of age (Meg14). Calves received colostrum for the first 3 d followed by free choice access to whole milk until weaning at 56 d. From d 4 onward, starter and water were offered ad libitum. Intakes were measured daily and body weights (BW) weekly. Blood samples were collected on day 7, 21, 28, 42, and 56 for β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) analysis. Performance was measured for an additional 14 d post-weaning. Pre-weaning milk intake was lower (p = 0.010) and starter DMI (dry matter intake) greater (p = 0.001) for Meg14 than Meg0 calves. Total DMI, metabolisable energy (ME) intake and average daily gain (ADG) were similar (p >; 0.05) for both groups, but Meg14 calves had greater weaning BW (p = 0.012) and feed efficiency (p < 0.029). The average BHBA between d 21 and 56 was greater for Meg14 (p = 0.03) compared to Meg0 calves. After weaning, Meg14 calves had greater DMI (p = 0.027), ME intake (p = 0.023) and ADG (p = 0.002) and tended to have better feed efficiencies (p = 0.07) than Meg0 calves. Administering M. elsdenii NCIMB 41125 improved starter intake and feed efficiency, which was associated with high blood BHBA.


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How to Cite

Muya, M. C., Erasmus, L. J., Miller, K., Aperce, C., Nherera, F. V., & Moshidi, P. M. (2017). Performance of Holstein calves having free access to milk and dosed with Megasphaera elsdenii. Scientia Agricola, 74(3), 189-194.



Animal Science and Pasture