Low doses of monensin for lambs fed diets containing high level of ground flint corn

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-992X-2019-0263

Keywords:

feed efficiency, propionate, sheep

Abstract

Two experiments were proposed to evaluate the addition of monensin for lambs fed diets containing a high level of mature ground flint corn. The experimental diets were as follows: no inclusion of monensin (M0) and inclusion of 8 (M8), 16 (M16) and 24 mg kg–1 of monensin (M24). In experiment 1, eight cannulated wethers were divided into a double 4 × 4 Latin square experimental design to evaluate nutrient digestibility, plasma parameters and rumen fermentation. The experiment lasted 112 days, divided into four periods of 28 days each. In experiment 2, ninety-two lambs were used in a randomized block design to evaluate the performance over 56 days. In experiment 1, doses of monensin had no effect on nutrient intake (p ≥ 0.07) and digestibility (p ≥ 0.09). There was a quadratic effect for acetate molar proportion (p = 0.01), acetate to propionate ratio (p = 0.04) and rumen pH (p < 0.01). However, there was no effect on the molar proportion of propionate and butyrate. The monensin decreased linearly the total SCFA concentration (p < 0.01). The inclusion of monensin increased glucose (p < 0.01) and decreased lactate concentration in plasma (p = 0.05). In experiment 2, monensin decreased dry matter intake (p = 0.04). However, there was a quadratic effect for average daily gain (p = 0.03) and feed efficiency (p < 0.01), with the greatest values observed for the M8 diet. Thus, the inclusion of 8 mg kg–1 of dry matter diet (DM) improves ruminal fermentation and plasma parameters, resulting in greater growth performance in lambs.

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Published

2021-03-23

How to Cite

Polizel, D. M. ., Martins, A. S. ., Miszura, A. A. ., Ferraz Júnior, M. V. de C. ., Bertoloni, A. V. ., Oliveira, G. B. ., Barroso, J. P. R. ., Ferreira, E. M. ., & Pires, A. V. . (2021). Low doses of monensin for lambs fed diets containing high level of ground flint corn. Scientia Agricola, 78(4), e20190263. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-992X-2019-0263

Issue

Section

Animal Science and Pasture