Determining aspects for the social construction of the older adult based on public policies in Brazil

Authors

  • Wagner Ivan Fonseca de Oliveira Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Kenio Costa de Lima Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-12902023210118pt

Keywords:

Aging, Public Policy, Social Protection in Health, Social Participation

Abstract

Despite aging being a global reality, old age has a restriction of individual experiences with their subjectivation, in which improvement becomes a moral requirement. We aim to understand the determinant aspects for the social construction of the older adults based on public policies in Brazil. We performed a document analysis based on the content analysis technique proposed by Laurence Bardin, operationalized by the IRAMUTEQ software. The textual corpus comprised 13 documents that guide policies aimed at the social protection of older adults, posterior to the Federal Constitution of 1988. We observe that the power mechanisms implicit in policies are subordinated to capitalist imperatives and to prescriptive biomedical rationality, focused on strictly biological aspects that denaturalize and homogenize aging in the light of an ideal of uninterrupted youth. It is anchored in the “reprivatization” of old age, which blames the older adults for their living conditions. This productivist ideology establishes the moralization of physical attributes that define and shape the subjectivities of a society refractory to old age itself. We highlight the importance of rethinking aging based on social issues, highlighting singular aspects of the life trajectory of the older person. unfamiliar with the ideology of aging without old age.

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Author Biographies

Wagner Ivan Fonseca de Oliveira, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte

Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte. Departamento de Educação Física. Rio Grande do Norte, RN, Brasil

Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Departamento de Enfermagem.

Kenio Costa de Lima, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Departamento de Odontologia.

Published

2023-12-13

How to Cite

Oliveira, W. I. F. de, Salvador, P. T. C. de O., & Lima, K. C. de. (2023). Determining aspects for the social construction of the older adult based on public policies in Brazil. Saúde E Sociedade, 32(2), e210118pt. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-12902023210118pt

Issue

Section

Articles