Duas metáforas históricas sobre o problema do sentido da ação

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/0103-2070.ts.2020.156889

Palavras-chave:

Sentido da ação, Teoria da escolha racional, Hermenêutica, Interdisciplinaridade, Dualismo

Resumo

O presente artigo descreve duas grandes tendências de abordagem do problema sociológico do sentido da ação. Elas podem ser melhor compreendidas fazendo uso de duas metáforas intuitivas. Trata a primeira da “mente como um computador”, e a segunda do “mundo como um texto”. Descrevem-se de modo geral os supostos filosóficos de cada tendência e os seus principais déficits ontológicos, epistemológicos e metodológicos. Em seguida, são apresentadas as suas convergências implícitas, ilustradas em três déficits teóricos: o dualismo, o atomismo e o holismo. O artigo ressalta a importância da pesquisa interdisciplinar, incluindo nela as chamadas ciências biossociais para a superação desses déficits.

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Biografia do Autor

Ernesto Mora, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

Professor e pesquisador nas áreas de teoria social, cognição social e narrativa e cognição social. Possui doutorado em sociologia pela Universidade de São Paulo, e mestrado em filosofia pela Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Bogotá, Colômbia). Recentemente, realizou pesquisas de pós-doutorado no Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem (IEL/Unicamp) e a Utrecht Universitait (Holanda) sobre a cognição social a partir de narrativas

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2020-08-05

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Mora, E. (2020). Duas metáforas históricas sobre o problema do sentido da ação. Tempo Social, 32(2), 279-305. https://doi.org/10.11606/0103-2070.ts.2020.156889

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