Una revisión de las teorías materialistas-postmaterialistas a partir de una clasificación generacional

Las personas mayores se vuelven conservadoras?

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/0103-2070.ts.2020.164349

Palavras-chave:

Materialismo, Pós-materialismo, Gerações, Nível de vida, Interesse pela política

Resumo

O artigo realiza uma análise empírica das teorias do Materialismo-Pós-materialismo por meio da elaboração de um índice, com os 12 itens tomados à literatura. A análise é aplicada a uma estrutura de quatro gerações, para observar o grau de Materialismo ou Pós-materialismo de uma sociedade. Observa-se uma similitude geracional relativa entre diversos países, econômica e geograficamente, o que reforça a tese geracional e contraria as teses clássicas, como a da socialização e a da escassez. As variáveis relevantes para explicar o Pós-materialismo são os níveis de vida, o interesse pela política e a formação. Os valores geracionais oscilam entre o Pós-materialismo elevado entre os Millennials e o Materialismo dos mais velhos. Os resultados têm várias consequências para a economia, a sociologia e a política, especialmente em sociedades que tendem ao envelhecimento.

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Biografia do Autor

Jose Manuel Lasierra-Esteban, Universidad de Zaragoza

Profesor titular de economía aplicada en la Universidad de Zaragoza, España. Sus campos de trabajo son la economía laboral, la economía pública, la sociología económica y las instituciones.

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Publicado

2020-12-11

Como Citar

Lasierra-Esteban, J. M. (2020). Una revisión de las teorías materialistas-postmaterialistas a partir de una clasificación generacional: Las personas mayores se vuelven conservadoras?. Tempo Social, 32(3), 349-373. https://doi.org/10.11606/0103-2070.ts.2020.164349

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