Irmãos em guerra: construindo as redes globais de produção da Komatsu e da Caterpillar
Palavras-chave:Globalização, Geografia, Redes globais de produção, Escala global, Komatsu, Caterpillar
O artigo compara os caminhos percorridos pelas duas maiores empresas de máquinas de engenharia do mundo, a japonesa Komatsu e a americana Caterpillar para se tornarem “atores globais”. É investigada a forma como ambas as empresas gerenciavam ativamente as questões geográficas à medida que cresciam. Como “irmãos em guerra”, elas não apenas competiam entre si, mas, ao longo do processo, acabaram por moldar a forma organizacional uma da outra enquanto construíam ativamente a escala global de sua própria existência – sua globalização, em outras palavras, não era um dado, mas teve de ser construída proativamente. Tanto o Estado quanto o trabalho organizado desempenharam papéis significativos no desenho das evoluções geográficas de ambas as empresas.
Bartlett, C. & Rangan, U. (1988), Komatsu Limited. Harvard Business School Cases #9-385-277. Boston, Harvard Business School.
Brown, W. & Kai, C., eds. (2017), The emerging industrial relations of China. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Buckley, P. & Casson, M. (1976), The future of the multinational enterprise. London, Macmillan.
Caterpillar INC. (2014), 2013 year in review. Peoria, Illinois.
Caterpillar INC. (2019), Caterpillar 2019 annual report. Peoria, Illinois.
Coe, N. et al. (2004), “‘Globalizing’ regional development: a global production networks perspective”. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 29 (4): 468-484.
Coe, N. & Yeung, H. (2015), Global production networks: theorizing economic development in an interconnected world. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
De Jonquieres, G. (1987), “Komatsu warning on uk plant performance”. Financial Times, October 30.
Ekberg, E. & Lange, E. (2014), “Business history and economic globalisation”. Business History, 56 (1): 101-115.
Franklin, S. (2001), Three strikes: Labor’s heartland losses and what they mean for working Americans. New York, Guilford.
Franklin, S. et al. (1992), “As world changed, so did Caterpillar”. Chicago Tribune, September 7.
Garnett, N. (1988), “Caterpillar comes out of its shell: rivalry in the global earthmoving machinery market”. Financial Times, March 29.
Goods, C. (2016), Field notes from the Global Caterpillar Network Meeting. Detroit, mi, June 15-16.
Goods, C. (2017), Field notes from Industriall Caterpillar Network Meeting. Frankfurt, Germany, June 22.
Grant, J. et al. (2004), “Caterpillar eyes deals in China”. Financial Times, June 30.
Grant, J. & Marsh, P. (2004), “Digging up profits during the trough”. Financial Times, June 30.
Gray, J. & Rapoport, C. (1985), “Komatsu may opt for Tyneside plant”. Financial Times, September 3.
Greenhouse, S. (1984), “A grim era for heavy equipment”. New York Times, September 22.
Harvey, D. (1982), The limits to capital. Oxford, Blackwell.
Haycraft, W. (2002), Yellow steel: the story of the earthmoving equipment industry. Chicago, University of Illinois Press.
Herod, A. (2010), Scale. London, Routledge.
Herod, A. et al. (2007), “Working space: why incorporating the geographical is central to theorising work and employment practices”. Work, Employment and Society, 21 (2): 247-264.
Industriall. (2018), “Caterpillar union network shows solidarity with Japanese brothers and sisters”. www.industriall-union.org/caterpillar-union-network-shows-solidarity-with-japanese-brothers-and-sisters.
Komatsu. (2016), Komatsu csr report 2016. Tokyo, Komatsu.
Komatsu. (2019), Komatsu report. Tokyo, Komatsu.
Kozlowski, J. (2011), Will globalization play in Peoria? class, race and nation in the global economy, 1948-2000. phd. Dissertation, Department of History, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Kuwahara Y. (1989), Industrial relations system in Japan: a new interpretation. Japanese Industrial Relations Series 16. Tokyo, Japan Institute of Labour.
Lau, J. (2003), “Caterpillar get a move on – the building equipment maker plans to expand by acquisition”. Financial Times, November 12.
Marsh, P. (1997), “Komatsu plans sales push in Europe”. Financial Times, July 14.
Marsh, P. (2010), “China to lead growth in construction machinery sales”. Financial Times, October 26.
Marsh, P. & Wagstyl, S. (1997), “The hungry caterpillar”. Financial Times, December 2.
Marx, K. ( 1959), Capital: volume 3. New York, International Publishers.
Miller, P. & O’Leary, T. (2002), “Rethinking the factory: Caterpillar Inc.”. Cultural Values, 6 (1): 91-117.
Ohmae, K. (2005), The next global stage: challenges and opportunities in our borderless world. Upper Saddle River, Wharton School Publishing.
Palepu, K. et al. (2014), Komatsu in China. Harvard Business School Cases #9-114-004. Boston, Harvard Business School.
Rainnie, A. et al. (2011), “Review and positions: global production networks and labour”. Competition & Change, 15 (2): 155-169.
Risen, J. (1985), “Caterpillar tries to dig itself out”. Los Angeles Times, January 13.
Rodger, I. (1985a), “Japanese face dumping penalty”. Financial Times, March 9.
Rodger, I. (1985b) “Management: Komatsu calls for a ceasefire”. Financial Times, December 4.
Sanchanta, M. (2004), “China lays foundation for Komatsu’s success”. Financial Times, February 4.
Smith, A. (2015), “The state, institutional frameworks and the dynamics of capital in global production networks”. Progress in Human Geography, 39 (3): 290-315.
Smith, N. (1995), “Remaking scale: competition and cooperation in prenational and postnational Europe”. In: Eskelinen, H. & Snickars, F. Competitive European peripheries. Berlin, Springer, pp. 59-74.
The Australian. (2014), “Caterpillar, Sany Heavy Industry battle over top China ranking”. March 8.
Tighe, C. (1991), “Survey of Japan in the uk: best of both worlds”. Financial Times, September 20.
Todd, P. et al. (2020) “Labour in global production networks: workers and unions in mining engineering work”. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 41: 98-120.
Walsh, E. (1994), “Strike a ‘Cat’ becomes stand for way of life”. Washington Post, July 3.
Weitzman, H. (2010), “Caterpillar looks to shift parts sourcing from Japan to China”. Financial Times, November 30.
Yoshino, M. (2010), Globalization at Komatsu. Harvard Business School Cases #9-910-415. Boston, Harvard Business School.
Copyright (c) 2021 Caleb Goods; Andrew Herod; Bradon Ellem; Al Rainnie
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.