Duas formas de organização transnacional: mapeando as estratégias das Federações Sindicais Globais

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/0103-2070.ts.2021.185622

Palavras-chave:

Globalização, Recursos de poder, Corporações transnacionais, Movimento internacional dos trabalhadores, Acordos Marco Globais

Resumo

Tornou-se um lugar-comum entre acadêmicos e dirigentes sindicais que a globalização enfraqueceu os sindicatos. A terceirização, a competição global e as realocações de fábricas redefiniram o mundo do trabalho e cobraram seu tributo na filiação sindical. No entanto, a expansão do capital global também levou a um aumento da organização transnacional do trabalho. Desde os anos 2000, as Federações Sindicais Globais desenvolveram diferentes estratégias para enfrentar os desafios da globalização. Neste artigo, analisamos duas dessas formas de organização transnacional: uma forma de organização baseada em rede e outra baseada em eventos. Enquanto a abordagem baseada em rede reúne sindicatos de diferentes países em uma empresa ou rede internacional de todo o setor, a estratégia baseada em eventos é construída sobre o envolvimento das GUFS, aproveitando a janela de oportunidade de grandes eventos internacionais para travar lutas locais com um impacto duradouro no trabalho Com base em uma abordagem de recursos de poder e geografia de trabalho, e usando dados empíricos de dois estudos de caso, a campanha da Copa do Mundo Fifa 2014 da Building and Woodworkers International e a rede do Sindicato Internacional dos Trabalhadores em Transporte da América Latina, demonstramos como as Federações Sindicais Globais estão usando diferentes caminhos de ativismo transnacional para conectar o global com o local.

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Biografia do Autor

Stefan Schmalz, University of Erfurt

Research group leader at the University of Erfurt, Max Weber Centre for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies.

Teresa Conrow, University of California Labor Center

Union organiser for over forty years. She works with unions throughout the world and is the author of numerous articles, books and curriculums on global organizing and campaigning. She is on the advisory board of the University of California Labor Center in Los Angeles and on the faculty of the Los Angeles Trade Tech College Labor Center. She is a member of Teamsters Local 952 and the American Federation of Teachers Local 1521. 

Dina Feller, Latam Flight Attendants Union in Argentina

Union representative for the Latam Flight Attendants Union in Argentina. She coordinates Latam Airlines Union Network with support from the International Transport Workers Federation (ITF). She is an experienced global organizer, anthropologist, educator and campaigner. She served as a mentor for the Qatar Airways organising campaign and is an activist for women rights in Latin America.

Maurício Rombaldi, Universidade Federal da Paraíba

Professor at the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), editor of the Revista Brasileira de Ciênciais Sociais (RBCS/Anpocs), and PhD in sociology at the University of São Paulo (USP). 

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Publicado

2021-08-16

Como Citar

Schmalz, S. ., Conrow, T., Feller, D. ., & Rombaldi, M. (2021). Duas formas de organização transnacional: mapeando as estratégias das Federações Sindicais Globais. Tempo Social, 33(2), 143-162. https://doi.org/10.11606/0103-2070.ts.2021.185622

Edição

Seção

Dossiê - Lutas trabalhistas transnacionais e repertórios políticos