Nodal Epstein-Barr virus-positive T-cell/NK-cell lymphoma associated with immunodeficiency: a rare condition looking for recognition
Keywords:Lymphoma, T-cell, Killer Cells, Natural, Epstein-Barr Virus Infections, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Autopsy
AbstractThe authors describe a peculiar form of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated T-cell lymphoma in an HIV-positive patient presenting an aggressive clinical course. Unlike most other EBV-positive T-cell/natural-killer (NK)-cell lymphomas, the disease was characterized by predominant nodal involvement at presentation. T-cell lineage was confirmed by T-cell receptor-rearrangement, and neoplastic cells exhibited strong and diffuse CD56 expression. A marked intravascular component was detected in the skin, the liver, and the lung parenchyma. This entity was not predicted in the WHO 2008 classification, but has been recently identified in immunocompromised patients. This case report refers to a middle-aged man with AIDS, who presented a 4-month history of weight loss, fever, hepatosplenomegaly, peripheral and deep-chain lymphadenopathy. A blood smear showed lymphocytosis with a marked presence of atypia. The outcome was unfavorable and the patient could not be treated. The autopsy revealed multivisceral involvement, including lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, liver, lungs, skin, and kidneys.
How to Cite
Copyright and publishing license
Authors retain copyright granting the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.
Autopsy and Case Reports accepted articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License. Under this License, the authors agree to have the CC-BY-NC license applied to their work, which retains the author's ownership of the copyright for their article and permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original authors and source are properly cited. This facilitates freedom in re-use and also ensures that the journal's content can be mined without barriers for the needs of research.