A multi-sector version of the post-keynesian growth model

Autores

  • Ricardo Silva Azevedo Araujo Universidade de Brasília. Departamento de Economia
  • Joanílio Rodolpho Teixeira Universidade de Brasília. Departamento de Economia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-4161201545127raj

Palavras-chave:

Modelo pós-keynesiano de crescimento econômico, Mudança estrutural, Modelos multi-setoriais

Resumo

Neste artigo, pretende-se desenvolver uma versão desagregada da abordagem pós-
-Keynesiana para o crescimento econômico, mostrando que de fato esse modelo pode
ser tratado como um caso particular do modelo Pasinettiano de mudança estrutural
e crescimento econômico. Utilizando-se o conceito de integração vertical, torna-se
possível conduzir a análise iniciada por Kaldor (1956) e Robinson (1956, 1962), e seguido
por Dutt (1984), Rowthorn (1982) e, posteriormente, Bhaduri e Marglin (1990)
em um modelo multi-sectorial em que há aumentos da demanda e produtividade em
ritmos diferentes em cada setor. Ao adotar essa abordagem, é possível mostrar que a
dinâmica de mudança estrutural está condicionada não apenas aos padrões de demanda de evolução das preferências e da difusão do progresso tecnológico, mas também
com as características distributivas da economia, que podem dar origem a diferentes
regimes setoriais de crescimento econômico. Além disso, é possível determinar a taxa
natural de lucro que faz com que a taxa de mark-up seja constante ao longo do tempo.

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Biografia do Autor

Ricardo Silva Azevedo Araujo, Universidade de Brasília. Departamento de Economia

Professor Adjunto, departamento de Economia, Universidade de Brasília.

Joanílio Rodolpho Teixeira, Universidade de Brasília. Departamento de Economia

Professor Emérito, Departamento de Economia, Universidade de Brasília.

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Publicado

2015-03-30

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