O uso de amuletos como prática da religiosidade no Egito do Reino Novo (1550-1070 a.C)

Autores

  • Victoria Arroyo Universidade de São Paulo. Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2177-4218.v12i1p27-52

Palavras-chave:

Antigo Egito, Amuletos, Religiosidade, Práticas mágicas

Resumo

Neste artigo procuraremos demonstrar como o uso de amuletos no Antigo Egito é uma expressão da religiosidade das pessoas nessa sociedade - aqui entendida como um conceito que abrange piedade, crenças e práticas pessoais. Através de fórmulas mágicas que confirmam a prescrição de amuletos para diversas situações da vida, como parto, mortalidade infantil e ataques de animais perigosos, atestaremos que o emprego de amuletos era considerado uma maneira apropriada de superar essas situações com sucesso. A efetividade dessas prescrições é corroborada pela cultura material em enterramentos no sítio de Gurob que refletem os mesmos padrões de uso em relação a quais tipos de amuletos eram utilizados, a posição em que estavam e com quem eram depositados. Dessa maneira, fontes textuais estudadas juntamente com dados arqueológicos possibilitarão a compreensão dos amuletos como uma prática que expressa crenças religiosas pessoais.

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Biografia do Autor

Victoria Arroyo, Universidade de São Paulo. Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia

Victoria Arroyo Adaime; Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), Processo nº 2018/15426-7; Laboratório de Arqueologia Romana Provincial - LARP; victoria.arroyo@live.com

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Publicado

2021-03-12

Como Citar

Arroyo, V. (2021). O uso de amuletos como prática da religiosidade no Egito do Reino Novo (1550-1070 a.C). Mare Nostrum, 12(1), 27-52. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2177-4218.v12i1p27-52

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