Distracting children undergoing vaccination

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-4327e3205

Keywords:

Immunization, Distraction, Pain, Children, Child psychology

Abstract

Vaccination is a procedure considered painful for children; therefore, the healthcare team should provide conditions for adequate pain assessment and control. This study sought to evaluate whether behavioral distraction procedures contribute to reduce pain perception and anxiety indicators in children during vaccination. One hundred and four children between three and 12 years attending a Health Center in the Federal District participated in the study. Children were divided into four groups: baseline, groups with balloons, cards and tablets. Data were obtained by means of sociodemographic questionnaires, the Monica and Friends Pain Scale and the Observational Scale of Distress Behavior. The collected data were measured using the SPSS Statistics program. Results show that the intervention groups had lower averages, concerning pain levels, incidence of competing behaviors and duration of vaccine procedures, compared to baseline.

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Author Biographies

Graziele Lopes Teles, Universidade Federal de Goiás

Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia-GO, Brazil.

Áderson Luiz Costa Júnior, Universidade de Brasília

Universidade de Brasília. Brasília-DF, Brazil.

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Published

2022-06-01

How to Cite

Teles, G. L., & Costa Júnior, Áderson L. (2022). Distracting children undergoing vaccination. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), 32, e3205. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-4327e3205

Issue

Section

Psychological Evaluation