First report of Austroporus doctus (Blackburn) from New Zealand and description of its larva (Coleoptera: Phalacridae)

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.special-issue.29

Keywords:

Cucujoidea, Immature stages, Australian region, Shining mold beetles

Abstract

The Australian species Austroporus doctus (Blackburn) is reported from New Zealand for the first time. Adults are illustrated and diagnosed, and late-instar larvae are fully described and illustrated. In addition, a summary of prior larval descriptions of Phalacridae is provided. This represents the first description of the morphology and habitat of the larvae within the genus Austroporus Gimmel and the Olibroporus-group of genera. Austroporus doctus is native to eastern Australia, where adults are distinguished from similar species by characters of the male genitalia and by a suite of external morphological features. There are no native members of Phalacridae known from New Zealand, but A. doctus represents the second introduced and established species there. A key is given to differentiate adult and larval A. doctus from the other introduced New Zealand species, Phalacrus uniformis (Blackburn).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Matthew L. Gimmel, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History - Santa Barbara, California, United States.

Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara, California, United States.

Richard A. B. Leschen, New Zealand Arthropod Collection (NZAC). Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research - Auckland, New Zealand.

Private Bag 92170, Auckland, New Zealand.

References

d’Aguilar, J. 1944. Contribution à l’étude des Phalacridae: note sur Phalacrus caricis Sturm. Annales des Épiphyties et de Phytogénétique (New Series), 10: 85-91.

Blackburn, T. 1895. Further notes on Australian Coleoptera, with descriptions of new genera and species (XVIII). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 19: 201-258.

Böving, A.G. & Craighead, F.C. 1931. An illustrated synopsis of the principal larval forms of the order Coleoptera. Entomologica Americana (N.S.), 11[“1930”]: 1-351.

Emden, F. van. 1928. Die Larve von Phalacrus grossus Er. und Bemerkungen zum Larvensystem der Clavicornia. Entomologische Blätter für Biologie und Systematik der Käfer, 24: 8-20.

Friederichs, K. 1908. Über Phalacrus corruscus als Feind der Brandpilze des Getreides und seine Entwicklung in brandigen Ähren. Arbeiten aus der Kaiserlichen Biologischen Anstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Berlin, 6: 38-52.

Gimmel, M.L. 2013. Genus-level revision of the family Phalacridae (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea). Zootaxa, 3605: 1-147.

Gimmel, M.L. 2017. Taxonomic notes on Olibroporus Casey and Pycinus Guillebeau (Coleoptera: Phalacridae), with diagnosis and distribution of the widespread species Olibroporus punctatus Casey. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 71: 61-73.

Hill, R. & Dymock, J. 2019. Invertebrates associated with Acacia longifoliae [sic] Andr. (Willd.) [sic] (Leguminosaae) [sic] in Northland and Horowhenua. Prepared for Northland Regional Council. Available at: https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/212387/final-report-Invertebrates-associated-with-Acacia-longifoliae.pdf. Access in: 02/11/2019.

Klausnitzer, B. 2001. Die Larven der Käfer Mitteleuropas. 6. Band. Polyphaga. Teil 5. Spektrum Heidelberg/Berlin, Akademischer Verlag.

Lawrence, J.F. 1991. Phalacridae (Cucujoidea). In: Stehr, F.W. (Ed.). Immature Insects. Dubuque, Kendall/Hunt. v. 2, p. 466-468.

Lawrence, J.F. & Ślipiński, A. 2013. Australian Beetles. Volume 1: Morphology, Classification and Keys. Collingwood, CSIRO Publishing.

Lawrence, J.F.; Gimmel, M.L. & Steiner Jr., W.E. 2010. Phalacridae Leach, 1815. In: Beutel, R.G. & Leschen, R.A.B. (Eds.). Coleoptera, Beetles, Volume 1. Morphology and Systematics (Archostemata, Adephaga, Myxophaga, Polyphaga partim). 2.ed. Berlin, Walter de Gruyter. v. 1, p. 368-374. (Handbook of Zoology: Arthropoda: Insecta).

Lawrence, J.F.; Ślipiński, A.; Beutel, R.G. & Newton, A.F. 2013. A possible larva of Lepicerus inaequalis Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Myxophaga: Lepiceridae) from Panama. Zootaxa, 3701(3): 393-400.

Lawrence, J.F.; Ślipiński, A.; Beutel, R.G. & Newton, A.F. 2019. Lepicerus larva still unknown: a correction (Coleoptera: Lepiceridae, Phalacridae). Zootaxa, 4545(3): 441-442.

Lea, A. 1932. The Phalacridae (Coleoptera) of Australia and New Guinea. Records of the South Australian Museum, 4: 433-481.

Löben Sels, E. von. 1934. Some observations on Phalacrus politus and other inhabitants of the heads of the New England Aster. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 42: 319-327. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25004568.

Steiner Jr., W.E. 1984. A review of the biology of phalacrid beetles (Coleoptera). In: Wheeler, Q. & Blackwell, M. (Eds.). Fungus-Insect relationships: perspectives in ecology and evolution. New York, Columbia University Press. p. 424-445.

Steiner Jr., W.E. & Singh, B.P. 1987. Redescription of an ergot beetle, Acylomus pugetanus Casey, with immature stages and biology (Coleoptera: Phalacridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 89: 744-758.

Thompson, R.T. & Marshall, J.E. 1980. A taxonomic study of Phalacrus uniformis (Coleoptera: Phalacridae), an Australian beetle now established in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 7: 407-416.

Urban, C. 1927. Über die Olibrus-Larve (Col. Phalacr.). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 1926: 401-412.

Urban, C. 1930. Über die Larve des Olibrus millefolii Payk. (Col. Phalacr.). Mitteilungen der Deutschen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 2: 39-42.

Will, K.W.; Mishler, B.D. & Wheeler, Q.D. 2005. The perils of DNA barcoding and the need for integrative taxonomy. Systematic Biology, 54(5): 844-851. http://doi.org/10.1080/10635150500354878

Downloads

Published

2020-03-04

How to Cite

Gimmel, M. L., & Leschen, R. A. B. (2020). First report of Austroporus doctus (Blackburn) from New Zealand and description of its larva (Coleoptera: Phalacridae). Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60(special), e202060(s.i.).29. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.special-issue.29

Issue

Section

Original Article