A Study on Self-efficacy at Work and Sociodemographic Characteristics of Employees at a Federal University

  • Marizeth Antunes Barros
  • José Arimatés de Oliveira
  • Maria Helena Constantino Spyrides
Keywords: Self-efficacy, Sociodemographic, Federal University Employees

Abstract

The aim of this study is to assess the degree of association between sociodemographic characteristics and the levels of self-efficacy at work (SEW) of 289 federal university employees. Self-efficacy is understood to be the individual's perception of his ability when performing a given activity. The beliefs of people in their ability may influence their performance and determine how the people feel, think, behave and motivate themselves. The descriptive survey data, of a quantitative nature, was analyzed using the R and Minitab statistical programs. The instrument used to collect data included sociodemographic variables and a Scale of Generally Perceived Self-efficacy. For statistical treatment of data, descriptive statistics, cluster analysis and the chi-square test were used. Characterization of the sample showed a balanced distribution of the variables investigated. Analysis of the levels of SEW showed an overall average of 3.2, higher than the overall average of other studies which is 2.9. Results of the chi-square test disclosed no association between sociodemografic characteristics and SEW, except for the variable of color or race.

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Author Biographies

Marizeth Antunes Barros

Professora dosCursos de Graduação em Administração e Serviço Social da Faculdade de Excelência Educacional do Rio Grande do Norte (ESTACIO/FATERN) e da Faculdade Maurício de Nassau – Natal-RN, Brasil. Mestre em Administração pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte.

José Arimatés de Oliveira

Professor Colaborador Voluntário do PPGA da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – Natal-RN, Brasil Doutor em Administração pela FGV-SP.

Maria Helena Constantino Spyrides

Professora Adjunta do PPG em Demografia do Depto de Estatística da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – Natal-RN, Brasil. Doutora em Saúde Pública pela Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.

How to Cite
Barros, M., de Oliveira, J., & Spyrides, M. H. (1). A Study on Self-efficacy at Work and Sociodemographic Characteristics of Employees at a Federal University. REGE Revista De Gestão, 19(4), 571-588. https://doi.org/10.5700/issn.2177-8736.rege.2012.61969
Section
Gestão de Pessoas em Organizações