Guiding Factors of Fund Transfer in Welfare Programs in Brazil

  • Doraliza Auxiliadora Abranches Monteiro Universidade Federal da Bahia
  • Marco Aurélio Marques Ferreira
  • Suely de Fátima Ramos Silveira
Keywords: Welfare Protection, Welfare Programs, Public Administration, Social Management

Abstract

There is intense debate among scholars about the targeting of welfare programs. Some authors point out the focus downside of these programs in Brazil, where isolated action policies have prevailed over of the universalizing policies, while others argue the importance of targeted policies. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to verify the existence of guiding socioeconomic factors of distribution of public funds for welfare programs in Brazil. We sought theoretical basis in the characteristics of the Brazilian of Welfare Protection and in the description of various welfare programs implemented by the government. For the analysis, we estimated a multiple linear regression with panel data for the 27 Brazilian states, with a study period between 2004 and 2006. The results indicate the predominance of the “Bolsa Família” program in funds for welfare programs, leading it to the main welfare program in Brazil. Another important aspect concerns the identification of guiding socio-economic factors of fund transfer to welfare programs, which are: population, poverty levels, life expectancy at birth, unemployment rate, gross mortality rate, illiteracy rate and enrollment in elementary school.

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Author Biographies

Doraliza Auxiliadora Abranches Monteiro, Universidade Federal da Bahia
Doutoranda em Administração na Universidade Federal da Bahia – Salvador-BA, Brasil. Mestre em Administração pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV). Graduada em Administração pela Universidade Católica de Brasília (UCB).
Marco Aurélio Marques Ferreira

Professor e Coordenador do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração da UFV – Viçosa-MG, Brasil. Pós-Doutor em Administração Pública pela Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, USA. Doutor em Economia Aplicada pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV).

Suely de Fátima Ramos Silveira
Professora do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração da Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV) – Viçosa-MG, Brasil. Doutora em Economia Aplicada pela ESALQ-Universidade de São Paulo. Mestre em Economia Rural pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Graduada em Ciências Econômicas pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa.
How to Cite
Monteiro, D., Ferreira, M. A., & Silveira, S. (1). Guiding Factors of Fund Transfer in Welfare Programs in Brazil. REGE Revista De Gestão, 20(2), 147-163. https://doi.org/10.5700/issn.2177-8736.rege.2013.98801
Section
Administração Geral