ISOLATION OF Cryptococcus neoformansFROM ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES COLLECTED IN SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA

Authors

  • Emeka I. NWEZE University of Nigeria; Department of Microbiology
  • Fred A. KECHIA University of Yaounde I; Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
  • Uju E. DIBUA University of Nigeria; Department of Microbiology
  • Charles EZE University of Nigeria
  • Uwakwe S. ONOJA University of Nigeria

Abstract

Cryptococcosis caused by Cryptococcus neoformansis the second most common fungal opportunistic pathogen and a lifethreatening infection with serious clinical manifestations especially in HIV/AIDS and other immunocompromised patients. In Nigeria, HIV/AIDS infection has reached an alarming level. Despite this, information on the presence of this fungus in clinical and environmental samples is very scanty in Nigeria and many other parts of Africa. We set out to evaluate the presence of Cryptococcus neoformansor C. gattiiin pigeon droppings obtained from Southeastern Nigeria. One hundred and seventy-seven samples of pigeon droppings from six sample types were collected. The area covered comprised of ten cities and other locations spanning across five States in Nigeria. Using established techniques, Cryptococcus neoformanswas isolated from 39 of the 177 (22.0%) samples overall. No C. gattiiwas isolated. Most of the isolates (32.4%) were recovered from dovecotes (11 of 34) followed closely by samples taken from markets (31.8%; seven of 22) and least from the church (4.0%; one of 25). The highest isolation rate (38.9%) was found in samples from Enugu-Ezike(seven of 23) while the least came from Afikpoand the other locations each with 9.1% isolation rate. This is the first large-scale screening of Cryptococcus neoformansfrom pigeon droppings in Nigeria. The ecological and epidemiological significance of these findings are discussed.

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Published

2015-08-01

How to Cite

NWEZE, E. I., KECHIA, F. A., DIBUA, U. E., EZE, C., & ONOJA, U. S. (2015). ISOLATION OF Cryptococcus neoformansFROM ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES COLLECTED IN SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA . Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo, 57(4), 295-298. Retrieved from https://www.revistas.usp.br/rimtsp/article/view/105538

Issue

Section

Mycology