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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The manuscript should be sent in according to the updates of the “Publication Rules” valid from 15/03/2018.
  • The contribution is original and unpublished, and is not being evaluated for publication by another journal; otherwise, it must be justified in “Comments to the Editor”.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or Rich Text File document file format.
  • URLs for references were informed when possible.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 11-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. The figures will also be submitted in separate files, observing the provisions of the Author Guidelines.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in “About the Journal”.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

IMPORTANT: You must correctly complete all fields for each AUTHOR: Name, Middle Name, Last Name, Email, ORCID (if there is), URL (if there is), Institution/Affiliation, Country, and Biography Summary.

The fields for the manuscript should also be filled with the information: Title, Abstract, Area and Sub-Area of Knowledge, Keywords, Language and Development Agencies.

  • Manuscripts should be sent in the format “.DOCX” or “.RTF” to the portal specific submission of each journal, along with a submission letter explaining the importance and originality of the study.
  • All submissions are performed through the USP Journals Portal.
  • Pictures, graphics and illustrations even inserted in the text must necessarily be sent in separate files, in the original format in which they were created.
  • The files must be sent in separate files formats: “.PSD”, “.TIF”, “.JPG” “.PCX”, “.GIF” or “.BMP” for figures; “.EPS”, “.CDR”, “.WMF”, “.AI”, “.PPTX” or “.XLSX” for graphics and “.MOV”, “.AVI”, “.MPG”, “.MP4” or “.M4V” for videos.
  • Tables should be placed at the end of the manuscript.
  • Always keep updated the email and the address of the author(s) or corresponding.
  • Authors may suggest potential reviewers.
  • Once a manuscript is accepted providing changes suggested by the referees, the author is requested to return a revised version incorporating those changes (or a detailed explanation of why reviewer’s suggestions were not followed) within a maximum of 15 (fifteen) days upon receiving the communication by the Editor.

Manuscript Format

  • The manuscripts must be double-spaced between lines, justified text, body 11 (eleven) and Calibri font (except for special symbols not included in this font).
  • The text should be organized in the following sections, each started on a new page, in the order, and numbered consecutively: Title Page, Abstract with Keywords, Body Text, Acknowledgments, References, Appendices, Tables, and Figure Legends.
  1. Title Page: Should include the Title, Running Title, Author(s) Name(s), Institution(s) and Address(es). The title should be concise and, where appropriate, should include particulars about families and/or taxa of higher categories. New taxa names should not be included in the titles.
  2. Abstracts: All papers should have an abstract and keywords in English and other in Portuguese or Spanish. The quality of the abstract is of great importance since it can be reproduced in other vehicles. Therefore, must be written in intelligible form as it may be published separately, and should summarize the main facts, ideas and conclusions of the article. Telegraphic abstracts are unacceptable. Finally, the abstract should include all new taxonomic names for reference purposes. Abbreviations should be avoided. It should not include bibliographical references. Abstracts and keywords must not exceed 350 (three hundred and fifty) and 5 (five) words, respectively.
  3. Body Text: The main body text should include the following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements and References. The main headings of each section of the body of the text should be written in capital letters, bold and centered. Secondary headings should have only the first letter capitalized, bolded, and centered. Tertiary headings should be the first letter capitalized, in bold and indented left. In all cases, the text should start on the next line.
  4. References: Citations in the text should be given as follows: Martins (1959) or (Martins, 1959) or (Martins, 1959, 1968, 2015) or Martins (1959a, b) or Martins (1959:14-20) or Martins (1959: figs. 1, 2) or Martins & Reichardt (1964) or (Lane, 1940; Martins & Chemsak, 1966a, b) or Martins et al. (1966) or (Martins et al., 1966), the latter when the article contains 3 (three) or more authors. There is no need for the reference to be cited just as authorship of taxa.
  5. References Models: References should be arranged alphabetically and according to the following format, respecting the titles in italics:

Are not permitted abbreviations for journal titles and other information in the bibliographical references.

  • Journal Articles: Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal name, volume: initial page-final page.
  • Books: Author(s). Year. Book title. Publisher, Place of publication.
  • Books Chapters: Author (s). Year. Chapter title or part. In: Author(s) or Editor(s), Book title. Publisher, Place of publication, Volume or part, initial page-final page.
  • Dissertations and Theses: Author(s). Year. Title of dissertation or thesis. (Masters Dissertation or Doctoral Thesis). University, Place of publication.
  • Electronic Publications: Author(s). Year. Document title. Available at: electronic address. Access in: DD/MM/AAAA.


  • All tables should be numbered in the same sequence in which they are cited in the text.
  • Legends should be self-explanatory, without need to resort to text.
  • Tables should be formatted preferentially towards portrait, remaining the sense landscape for exceptional cases.
  • In the text, tables should be referred as Table 1, Tables 2 and 4, Tables 2-6.
  • Use “TABLE” in the table(s) heading(s).


  • The figures must be numbered consecutively, in the same sequence in which they are cited in the text.
  • Each illustration of a composite figure should be identified by a capital letter and referred to in the text as, for example: Fig. 1A, Fig. 1B.
  • When possible, the letters must be positioned in the lower-left corner of each illustration of a composite figure.
  • Photographs in black and white or color must be scanned at high resolution (300 DPI minimum).
  • Use “Fig(s).” for referring to figures in the text, “FIGURE(S)” in the figure captions and “fig(s).” when referring to figures in another paper.
  • The figures will be printed in black and white but maintained in color in the final PDF file.


  • Page-proofs with the revised version will be sent to the email of the first or corresponding author.
  • Page-proofs must be returned to the Editor, preferentially within 48 (forty-eight) hours.
  • The omission of return the proof will mean automatic approval of version with no changes and may result in a delay in publication.
  • Once submitted the proofs to the author, further alterations and/or significant additions of text are permitted only at the author’s expense or in the form of a brief appendix (note added in proof).

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