Causalidade entre renda e saúde: uma análise através da abordagem de dados em painel com os estados do Brasil

Autores

  • Anderson Moreira Aristides dos Santos Universidade Federal de Alagoas. Campus Sertão
  • Paulo de Andrade Jacinto Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Cesar Augusto Oviedo Tejada Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Palavras-chave:

renda, saúde, causalidade de Granger, dados em painel

Resumo

Este trabalho tem o objetivo de analisar a relação de causalidade entre renda e saúde, buscando controlar as potenciais diferenças dessa relação ao longo do território brasileiro. Para tanto, três testes de causalidade de Granger para dados em painel, propostos respectivamente por Holtz-Eakin et al. (1988), Granger e Huang (1997) e Hurlin (2005, 2007), são aplicados para uma base de dados com os estados brasileiros, no período compreendido entre 1981-2007. Os principais resultados mostram que as conclusões podem ser enganosas quando são baseadas em testes com uma estrutura homogênea nos parâmetros. E assim, o teste proposto por Hurlin (2005, 2007), que controla os diferentes tipos de heterogeneidade, aponta que, no Brasil, as evidências são mais claras para causalidade no sentido da saúde para a renda.

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2012-06-30

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