Estresse durante a pandemia de covid-19: desafios incomuns para professores universitários

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2176-7262.rmrp.2023.208086

Palavras-chave:

Saúde mental, COVID-19, Estresse Psicológico, Qualidade de vida, Docentes

Resumo

Objetivo: Investigar os fatores relacionados aos níveis de estresse desencadeados durante a pandemia de COVID-19 e à qualidade de vida (QV) em professores universitários. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 318 docentes de instituições de ensino superior públicas e privadas do Maranhão, Brasil. A coleta de dados incluiu um questionário sociodemográfico, as versões brasileiras da Escala de Estresse Percebido (PSS) e o Instrumento Abreviado de Avaliação da QV da Organização Mundial da Saúde (WHOQOL-bref). As análises estatísticas foram realizadas com testes T de Student e Análise de Variância com post-hoc de Duncan. Resultados: de acordo com os resultados da avaliação da pontuação dos professores, os níveis de estresse percebido foram classificados como normal (n = 166, 52,2%), moderado (n = 126, 39,6%) e alto (n = 26, 8, 2%), com uma média de 26,6 (± 10,5). A QV teve uma média geral de 56,4 (± 13,0). Entre os domínios da QV, o físico apresentou a maior média com 66,1 (± 17,7), enquanto a menor média foi no domínio social com 55,8 (± 14,8). Conclusão: Os fatores que influenciaram os níveis de estresse no grupo participante foram o sexo feminino com idade entre 31 e 40 anos, ter filho e não exercer prática religiosa frequente.

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Biografia do Autor

  • Maria Neyrian de Fatima Fernandes, Doutoranda da Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (EERP/USP). Docente da Universidade Federal do Maranhão.

    Doutoranda da Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (EERP/USP). Docente do Curso de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Maranhão. Mestre pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte.

  • Floriacy Stabnow Santos, Federal University of Maranhão, Imperatriz, (MA), Brazil

    Graduate Program in Healthcare and Technology

  • Ana Cristina Pereira de Jesus Costa, Federal University of Maranhão, Imperatriz, (MA), Brazil

    Natural Sciences Department

  • Marcelino Santos Neto, Federal University of Maranhão, Imperatriz, (MA), Brazil

    Nursing Department

  • Roberta de Araújo e Silva, Federal University of Maranhão, Imperatriz, (MA), Brazil

    Nursing Department

  • Leonardo Hunaldo dos Santos, Federal University of Maranhão, Imperatriz, (MA), Brazil

    Nursing Department

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2023-12-18

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Fernandes MN de F, Santos FS, Costa ACP de J, Santos Neto M, Silva R de A e, Santos LH dos. Estresse durante a pandemia de covid-19: desafios incomuns para professores universitários. Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) [Internet]. 18º de dezembro de 2023 [citado 20º de maio de 2024];56(4):e-208086. Disponível em: https://www.revistas.usp.br/rmrp/article/view/208086