Comparative descriptive anatomy of the femoral artery in crab-eating fox, hoary fox and maned wolf

Authors

  • Daiane dos Santos de Deus Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Karime Cássia Silveira Gondim Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Lázaro Antônio dos Santos Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Daniela Cristina de Oliveira Silva Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Lucas de Assis Ribeiro Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Rodrigo Lopes de Felipe Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
  • Gustavo Alexandre de Oliveira Silva Instituto Federal do Triângulo Mineiro
  • Zenon Silva Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Roseâmely Angélica de CARVALHO-BARROS Universidade Federal de Goiás

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2017.105049

Keywords:

Wild animals, Cerrado mammals, Neotropical canids, Circulatory system

Abstract

The goal of this study was to describe the anatomy of the femoral artery in wild canids such as the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), the hoary fox (Lycalopex vetulus), and the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). Two specimens from each canid group were used. Red dyed latex was injected in the arterial system of the animals, which were then fixed in 10% formaldehyde aqueous solution and dissected following the routine techniques in macroscopic anatomy. In the three canid groups, the arterial pattern was similar to that described for domestic canids, in which the deep femoral artery rises from the external iliac artery, still in the abdominal cavity, and sends its first branch, the lateral circumflex femoral artery. A few muscular branches, one or two caudal femoral arteries, and the terminal branches – the descending genicular artery, the saphenous artery, and the popliteal artery – are all originated from the femoral artery. The origin pattern of these vessels also shows similarities with those from domestic canids, sometimes forming trunks and occasionally rising individually. Thus, it can be concluded that the anatomical pattern of the femoral artery and its branches in wild canids shows similarities with that from domestic canids, but inherent variations in each species are also present.

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Author Biographies

  • Daiane dos Santos de Deus, Universidade Federal de Goiás
    Aluna de Graduação do Curso de Enfermagem - Instituto de Biotecnologia
  • Karime Cássia Silveira Gondim, Universidade Federal de Goiás
    Aluna de graduação do Curso de Enfermagem - Instituto de Biotecnologia
  • Lázaro Antônio dos Santos, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
    Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas - Anatomia
  • Daniela Cristina de Oliveira Silva, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
    Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas - Anatomia
  • Lucas de Assis Ribeiro, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
    Pós-graduando no Programa de Ciências Veterinárias - Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária

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Published

2017-11-24

Issue

Section

FULL ARTICLE

How to Cite

1.
Deus D dos S de, Gondim KCS, Santos LA dos, Silva DC de O, Ribeiro L de A, Felipe RL de, et al. Comparative descriptive anatomy of the femoral artery in crab-eating fox, hoary fox and maned wolf. Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. [Internet]. 2017 Nov. 24 [cited 2024 Jun. 20];54(3):201-8. Available from: https://www.revistas.usp.br/bjvras/article/view/105049