Highly complex respiratory changes in calf

Authors

  • Rodrigo Malzoni de Souza Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
  • Camila Freitas Batista Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
  • Kamila Reis Santos Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
  • Renata Caminha Gomes Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
  • Heloisa Godoi Bertagnon Universidade Estadual do Centro Oeste
  • Alice Maria Melville Paiva Della Libera Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2018.121261

Keywords:

Bronchopneumonia, Pulmonary Edema, Sepsis, Myocarditis, Cattle, Prognosis, Treatments

Abstract

The bronchopneumonia of calves represents a risk to national supply chain because it is an ecopathy and weakens the more intensive production systems. It is characterized by inflammatory changes in the bronchi, bronchioles, lung parenchyma, and pleura. It is a disease of multifactorial traits called Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD). The association of infectious agents with host defense and management to which the animal is subjected leads to the emergence of major clinical manifestations of the disease. The clinical evolution of BRD can also have serious secondary changes such as pulmonary edema, sepsis, and pulmonary hypertension, or even be consequent to the involvement of other structures, such as in cases of myocarditis leading to congestive heart failure. Although this report refers to a non-experimental framework, the circumstances that caused the calf to be subjected to a protocol-specific respiratory assessment involving non-routine reviews has made it possible to associate circulatory and respiratory conditions, rarely considered in ruminant clinic. The focus of this report was pulmonary edema. Modern clinical vision requires of the veterinarian work with cost-benefit relation, so that the more accurate and the earlier the clinical diagnosis the less expensive the treatment.

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Published

2018-04-03

How to Cite

Souza, R. M. de, Batista, C. F., Santos, K. R., Gomes, R. C., Bertagnon, H. G., & Libera, A. M. M. P. D. (2018). Highly complex respiratory changes in calf. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 55(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2018.121261

Issue

Section

CASE REPORT

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