The reality of the donkey’s exploitation for the hide trade in Brazil: disease outbreaks and animal welfare compromised in rescued donkeys

Authors

  • Lucas Santana da Fonseca Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciência Animal, Viçosa – AL, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5261-9695
  • Aline Rocha Silva Universidade Federal da Bahia, Residência em Clínica Médica de Grandes Animais, Salvador – BA, Brazil
  • Frederico Augusto Mazzocca Lopes Rodrigues Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, São Paulo – SP, Brazil
  • Sidnei Miyoshi Sakamoto Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Departamento de Ciências Animais, Mossoró – RN, Brazil
  • Vania de Fátima Plaza Nunes Fórum Nacional de Proteção e Defesa Animal, Jundiaí - SP, Brazil
  • Adroaldo José Zanella Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, São Paulo – SP, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5505-1679
  • Chiara Albano de Araujo Oliveira Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Salvador – BA, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4970-1070
  • Pierre Barnabé Escodro Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Curso de Medicina Veterinária, Viçosa – AL, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2021.174674

Keywords:

Donkey welfare, Ejiao, Zoonosis, Sanitary emergency, One welfare

Abstract

 

About 800 donkeys that were confined in a restrictive area used in a manner comparable to a warehouse for receiving donkeys for slaughter were abandoned. After receiving reports of mistreatment, civilians acted to save the animals. A task force was organized that planned veterinary and zootechnical actions and activities for daily health management, feeding, and clinical care to attend to the abandoned donkeys. Positive cases were diagnosed for glanders, equine infectious anemia, equine herpesvirus, and equine babesiosis. The objective of this communication is to bring to the attention of the scientific community the interventions in the area of animal health and welfare, to address the episode of northeast donkeys that were victims of international trade. It is fundamental to change the approach related to the management of donkeys in Brazil, and appeal to the necessity to identify ethical and sustainable ways to incorporate donkeys in Brazil in the 21st century.

 

 

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References

Carneiro GF, Lucena JEC, Barros LO. The current situation and trend of the donkey industry in South America. J Equine Vet Sci. 2018;65:106-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2018.03.007.

Fonseca LS, Nascimento RCM, Carvalho AD, Graboschii ACG, Vargas YGM, Silva AR, Escodro PB. O extrativismo de jumentos para exportação de pele no nordeste do Brasil: visão geral e aspectos sanitários. Ponta Grossa: ATENA; 2020; p. 242-259. https://doi.org/10.22533/at.ed.124202404.

Lesté-Lasserre C. Donkeys face worldwide existential threat. Science. 2019;366(6471):1294-5. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.366.6471.1294. PMid:31831646.

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Published

2021-04-22

How to Cite

Fonseca, L. S. da, Silva, A. R., Rodrigues, F. A. M. L., Sakamoto, S. M., Nunes, V. de F. P., Zanella, A. J., Oliveira, C. A. de A., & Escodro, P. B. (2021). The reality of the donkey’s exploitation for the hide trade in Brazil: disease outbreaks and animal welfare compromised in rescued donkeys. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 58, e174674. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2021.174674

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