In vitro impact of condensed tannins on the caecal metabolites of chickens


  • Mohammed Munis Dakheel University of Baghdad, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Public Health
  • Mohammed Abdalmalek Ali Al-Bedhawi University of Baghdad, Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
  • Afnan Ahmed Al-Mnaser University of Reading, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
  • Martin John Woodward University of Reading, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
  • Marina Mora-Ortiz Kings’ College London, Department of Twin Research
  • Caroline Rymer University of Reading, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development



Procyanidins, Prodelphinidins, 1H-NMR, Amino acids, Fatty acids, In vitro fermentation


Tannins are a diverse group of plant phenolic compounds. Condensed tannins (CTs) represent a major subgroup of tannins and were extracted from tilia (Tilia L.) flowers and black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) leaves. These extracts were examined for their effects on the metabolic profile of chicken caeca. By using in vitro, a nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR), which was combined with multivariate statistics, the current study was applied for the first time to investigate how three different CT compositions, procyanidins (PC) and/or prodelphinidins (PD) units influenced the metabolic end-products in caecal contents of chickens. In the presence of tannins, glutamate, leucine, lysine, pyroglutamate, phenylalanine, proline, and sarcosine were significantly decreased. CT extracts significantly influenced the fermentation, increasing the concentrations of some fatty acids such as acetate, butyrate, and propionate whereas. In contrast, lactate decreased between the treatments. This study identified the key structural features of CTs that contain either high molar proportions of PD or PC, which might be useful to improve the efficiency of feed utilization in chickens.


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How to Cite

Dakheel, M. M., Al-Bedhawi, M. A. A. ., Al-Mnaser, A. A. ., Woodward, M. J. ., Mora-Ortiz, M. ., & Rymer, C. . (2021). In vitro impact of condensed tannins on the caecal metabolites of chickens. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 58, e174733.