Genetic relationships of the Yucatan black hairless pig with Iberian breeds using single nucleotide polymorfisms

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2023.195697

Keywords:

Genetic diversity, Yucatan black hairless pig, Inbreeding, Single nucleotide polymorphism

Abstract

To conduct ex-situ creole pig conservation programs, it is essential to determine which breeding animals will be used, preferentially those with a more significant Iberian genetic component to preserve their origin. This study used a Yucatan
black hairless pigs (YBHP) subpopulation to estimate its genetic diversity and population structure. One hundred four adult pigs were selected for the absence of hair, black skin (without spots), black hoof, and straight snout. The porcine-GGP-50K
chip was used for SNP genotyping in YBHP, and information on Iberian and Yucatán hairless pigs from the United States (USYU) was taken from databases. All analysis was performed using PLINK v1.9 and v2.1 software. Inbreeding and fixation
index values were lower in YBHP, with high observed heterozygosity and allogamy index values, which agree with those obtained in the populations of Canarias and Chato Murciano. According to the clusters generated by the “Genome-Wide
Identity by State” analysis, four groups were identified, one of which included pigs from Guadyerbas, USYU, and YBHP. Between populations, YBHP was closely related to the hairless pigs from Guadyerbas, USYU, and Canarias. Principal
component analysis showed the same result. According to the results obtained from the runs of homozygosity investigation, aimed to get pools consensus of regions of overlapping, 119 SNPs associated with genes and biological processes were
identified. The BMP7 and NSUN2 genes were associated with epithelial cell differentiation, morphogenesis, and epithelial development. For nutrient metabolism: energy, the HADHA, PPARA, ADD1/SREBF1, and FAT1genes were identified.

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Author Biography

  • Clemente Lemus-Flores, Autonomous University of Nayarit, Academic Unit of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics and Academic Unit of Agriculture, Postgraduate in Biological-Agricultural Sciences

     

     

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2023-01-30

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1.
Lemus-Flores C, Bugarín Prado JO, Valdivia Bernal R, Sansor-Nah R. Genetic relationships of the Yucatan black hairless pig with Iberian breeds using single nucleotide polymorfisms. Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 30 [cited 2024 Apr. 22];60:e195697. Available from: https://www.revistas.usp.br/bjvras/article/view/195697