Frequency of diarrhea in dairy calves submitted to different breeding conditions in the border of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states, Brazil

Authors

  • Rita de Cássia Campbell Machado Botteon Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Medicina e Cirurgia Veterinária, Seropédica, RJ
  • Paulo de Tarso Landgraf Botteon Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Medicina e Cirurgia Veterinária, Seropédica, RJ
  • Juracy de Castro Borba Santos Júnior Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária de Valença, Valença, RJ
  • Melissa Hanzen Pinna Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ
  • Zelson Giácomo Lóss Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Medicina e Cirurgia Veterinária, Seropédica, RJ

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2008.26712

Keywords:

Diarrhea, Calves, Colostrum, Management, Hygiene

Abstract

The main diseases affecting calves, and consequently, representing economic losses with treatment and mortality losses are diarrhea, tick borne diseases and pneumonia. In general, these diseases are related to poor environmental conditions and food hygiene, plus inadequate management. The present work aimed at estimate the frequency of diarrhea in dairy milk calves submitted to different breeding conditions. Twenty dairy milk type C farms, located at the cities of Valença, Rio das Flores (RJ) and Rio Preto (MG), were visited from August of 1998 to July of 1999 and 1974 calves were examined. Statistical analysis of diarrhea frequency showed that the lowest occurrence of diarrhea was achieved in the following situations: to let the calves stayed with their mothers after born for at least 24 hours after delivery, use of natural milk feeding and also, to allow the calves to receive supplemental feeding. In general, these farms presented lower cows in lactation, lower milk production and familiar management, which contribute to higher levels of care.

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Published

2008-04-01

Issue

Section

UNDEFINIED

How to Cite

1.
Botteon R de CCM, Botteon P de TL, Santos Júnior J de CB, Pinna MH, Lóss ZG. Frequency of diarrhea in dairy calves submitted to different breeding conditions in the border of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states, Brazil. Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. [Internet]. 2008 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 19];45(2):153-60. Available from: https://www.revistas.usp.br/bjvras/article/view/26712